SOC 3391 Lecture Notes - Middle Ages, Chromosome, Bulimia Nervosa

15 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Sex history:
-in antiquity=the days of ancient Rome/Greece (Mesopotamian civilization)
-had a lot of sexual imagery, fertility cults, they were upfront about sexuality
-in middle ages, especially w/ Christianity, it became erota-phobia
-they say the body is corrupt and sinful and it gets in the way of worshipping God
-best way to avoid this was to go into isolation
20th century=the sexual century
-things changed
-first half, sex was a taboo, don’t discuss but if people did, they used code words
“she’s in a family way”=pregnant
-by the middle of the 20th century there was survey research
Kinseysex researcher
-before him, sexual behaviour was unexplored
Masters and Johnsondid experimental research
-put wires on men and women and put them in a room
-took a record of what happened when they engaged in sexual activities
Cher Heightsalso did survey research like Kinsey
-this all informed us about sexual behaviour
-before 1950, this was taboo
Freudwas an essentialist
-invented psychotherapy (psychiatrists) and psychoanalysis (physicians)
-contrast essentialism vs. constructionism
-essentialism= nature is what shapes humans
-constructionism= sees differences as constructed by socialization process
-differences in male and females are due to the biology
-a boy develops strong independent sexuality by identifying w/ his father and separating from his mother
-females develop a “penis envy”sense of inferiority
-many cultures have placed women on pedestals
-b/c of their ability to create new life
-men should instead be in awe of women
-Freud got the sexual century going
-the sex drive is located in the idlibido=sex drive
-the id is part of personality where you find instinctual drives
-it is at the root of all human motivation and behaviour
-idea of the unconscious and repression
-when things happen to us that are traumatizing and of sexual nature, people will repress those
-Freud’s personality:
-Id- responsible for human behaviour (where libido is)
-Ego-the middle
-Superego- conscience and reality
-this is where culture can morality is
-the id does not care about the superego and all it wants is release and gratification
-therefore, they are always in conflict and so the ego mediates this
-Freud says that overwhelmingly, humans are sexual animals and are driven by their sexual impulse
Max Faber? humans are also driven by ideas (that you get from culture)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class