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Customs these are norms that have been enforced for a long time.docx

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Stefan Idziak

Customs: these are norms that have been enforced for a long time -so customs of a culture have tradition behind them -when they are violated, you get a stronger response than you do for a folkway, but it still doesn’t approach a mores -ex. of moresstealing -ex. of custom lineup behaviour: based on equality -held back by possible disapproval -based on first come first serve -people who violate this customjumping lines -ex. greeting people -a custom is “we’ve done this so long, we can’t remember when we started it”, “we’ve done this time out of mind” -sometimes we call customs politeness Taboos: -when you break a taboo, you get a powerful response -you can get horror, disgust, etc. -ex. the incest taboo: members of the same family cannot have sexual relations -ex. murder, serial rape, pedophilia (the desire that some people have to have sexual relations with children) -when sex offenders are put behind bars/ in prison, you need to segregate them -sex offenders are given protective custody -otherwise other inmates will kill them (because they see themselves as totally different than the sex offenders—they don’t like the idea of having to share facilities with people who deserve to be killed) -ex. Paul Bernardo, Jeffery Daumer: was in protective custody, a serial murder, rapist, sex offender, but other inmates managed to get to him and killed him -prison inmates treat people who violate taboos more harshly than society Status and Role: -status is not prestige -status is a socially defined position/slot in a culture -all cultures have statuses -the most common clusters of statuses are called kinship statuses -father, mother, daughter, sister, brother, grandmother -it tells people how they should relate to each other -what is desirable behaviour and undesirable behaviour Male/female status Marital status-married, divorced, single, widowed -not apparent -but society finds it useful to distinguish married people from unmarried people by married people having a ring showing people to back off Religious status -if you live in a society where everyone is of the same religion it’s much more difficult to say religion is a status in those circumstances -the degree to which religion becomes a status can vary widely -the same applies to ethnicity and race -if you are a catholic or a protestant, so in Northern Ireland, they are very important statuses -ethnicity can be very important in ex. Afghanistan which is mostly tribal, so an ethnic status can be significant in that country -race can be an important status in a country like Guyana where there is friction between black and south Asians Educational status -it is a notch/position in society -it is important because it relates to the master status (Occupation) -tells people who you are -work tells people how much money you make -your occupational status also tells people about the education you’ve had -gives people an idea of the amount of prestige you have -some occupations have more prestige than others -the occupations in our society with the most prestige are the professions (doctors, dentists, lawyers) -occupational statuses also tell people about your social class -all societies are stratified based on occupation, education, income, and prestige -by these statuses
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