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Lecture 1

ENG 110 Lecture 1: ENG 110 Essay Readings.docx

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ENG 110

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ENG 110.6 Essay Readings
A Planet for the Taking by David Suzuki
Intended audience: Canadians, people who share his opinion
Purpose: Persuade the reader to live differently, criticizing the way Canadians treat
nature, to show others with the same concerns that they’re not alone, to maintain contact
with others who agree with him
Type: informal: speaks in first person, uses, “I,” and “we”
Argument: -science has caused many ecological problems
-Not all plants/animals are equal
-Scientists must be aware of the effect they have
-Canadians are misguided in the idea that we have endless natural resources
Mechanization of Modern Culture by Lewis Mumford
Type: formal: footnotes, no pronouns, 3rd person
Intended audience: other people interested in the same topic
Argument: -the clock is the most significant mechanical revolution to modern day
-Without the keeping of time, there would be no structure or coordination
The Temple of Fashion by Joyce Nelson
Thesis: Acquisition is the new religion in the West
Type: formal: no use of first person
Intended audience: consumers, people in the Western countries
-although it is a formal essay she maker her personal opinion obvious
Purpose: to show that her opinion is valid, expose an issue
Techniques: draws parallels between shopping and Catholicism (malls=Cathedrals,
Christmas=Boxing Day, sins=fashion faux pas, self-whipping=working out)
Through the One-Way Mirror by Margaret Atwood
Type: informal, uses, “I,” satire, critical, presents a strong case against one side
Techniques: humor, geographical terms such as, “front yard,” and “back yard”
Audience: Americans who share her opinion of the nation
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift - “The most famous essay ever written in English
Narrator: trusting (p. 7, 9), anti-Catholic (p. 13, 21), very logical, rational, and
calculated (p. 6), nationalistic (p. 33), claims to be humble, compassionate and humane
(p. 5, 8, 10, 17), cruel (p. 16), arrogant (p. 30)
-compares the children and wives to animals (p.26), marriage to an investment
-claims to have thought about it for a long while
-weight of the baby is very far off (p.11), this error makes you question the other
calculated numbers he uses
-he claims to be proposing this for the good of the country, and not personal gain
-Swift writes using a persona as the narrator
-nothing “modest” about this proposal
-(p.12) “very proper for landlords” is an example of irony
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