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Eng 204 March 28.doc

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University of Saskatchewan
ENG 204
Alison Muri

English 204 March 28 2012 1 Censorship... in some form or another, is the corollary of all power, and they history of reading is lit by a seemingly endless line of censors' bonfires, from the earliest papyrus scrolls to the books of our time. --Alberto Manguel,AHistory of Reading, 283 As centuries of dictators have known, an illiterate crowd is easiest to rule; since the craft of reading cannot be untaught once it has been acquired, the second-best recourse is to limit the scope. Therefore, like no other human creations, books have been the bane of dictatorships. --Alberto Manguel,AHistory of Reading, 283 Church Censorship Before Printing − 150AD the Council of Ephesus condemned theActa Pauli (history of the life of St. Paul) − as early as 170AD parts of New Testament were censored by the church − in 405ADthope Innocent I circulated a list of forbidden codies − in the 9 century Pope Innocent III prohibited any but the Church clergy to read or even touch a manuscript Methods of Censorship − pre-printing age [before 1440s] − erasure of all past reference to an individual − book burning − verbal counter-arugment − excommunitcation − execution − post-printing age − condemnation of already published books − pre-publishing license FirstAmendment to the Constitution of the United States (1797) − congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievnaces. In Canada − the constitutional provesion that g
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