English 204 1
December 2nd 2011
TERMINOLOGY FROM THE WEDNESDAY LECTURE
Witness: the earliest version of a text available, on which a new edition is ideally based.
Watermark: a standardized mark on a page indicating where it was made.
Variants: textual differences between versions of the same book that change the meaning of
passages, in major or minor ways. Often emerged from "memorial contamination" (cases of
the scribe, hearing a book read aloud, mishearing something)
Collational Formula: a shorthand note of all the gatherings and individual leaves as they occur
in the ideal copy of a book; every page is accounted for in the formula.
Signature: a group of leaves printed together on one sheet of paper, which is then folded and
bound with other signatures to form a sequence of pages. It's one way to create pages while
being conservative on paper (folding one sheet rather than making each sheet its own page)
THE INTERNET AGE / "LITTLE BROTHER"
Rule #1 of the internet: we are all connected, but nobody is in charge. The internet is Orwellian
in its reach (re