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HIST 152 (7)
Lecture

June 16 2009.doc

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Department
History
Course
HIST 152
Professor
Jason Zorbas
Semester
Summer

Description
History 152 Post Confederation Canada 1 June 16, 2009 Prosperity and Depression: The Inter-War Years - Inter-War years refers to the time between WWI and WWII - A period of time that is marked international by the return of protectionism and rise in alternative/radical ideologies Protectionism – the idea that you need to isolate your own countries economy and protect it from other countries - First era of globalization was between 1870 and 1914 - people moved more freely - knowledge moved more freely - technology made life easier - after the war immigration stops - around much of the rest of the world where was little to no recovery from the war - But in Canada and the United States, countries that were physically untouched by the war, economies grew - However; not everything was rosy, in particular unionism and socialism/communism was constricted during the war - War measurers act - WWI, WWII, FLQ crisis (see Quebec) - allows the government to suspend your rights - allows the government to pass laws without parliament - Government took charge of the economy - To avoid inflation (good side) - Goods are not being produced due to 1) Limited farm labor 2) Most of the stuff we are producing we were sending to the army - They interned thousands of Germans for the singular crime of being German, with no charge, trial or recourse (bad side) - We use the war measures to crack down on domestic decent and in particular, to make sure the unions did not use the war as leverage *you need stuff for the war, pay us more or we wont make it* - After the war is finished the war measures act is canceled, unions begin to ratchet it up and demand more - the “flex their muscles again” - Unions are organizing on a national scale - power in numbers Nurses and widows got to vote too Awe so if Saskatoon had a general strike I would half to work  Should Jason be calling his father in law a bastard? haha History 152 Post Confederation Canada 2 June 16, 2009 - General Strike – every union in the specific city go on strike at the same time - Union leader ship started looking for an excuse to have a union strike I. Winnipeg General Strike - there had been rising tension between the business/government and the unions/labor - in 1919 a dispute that involved iron workers in Winnipeg quickly bloomed when the other 70 unions in the city offered their support - May 15 1919 thirty thousand workers walked off the job at once - the entire city stops – done - Now, this is not like today - today we would see the government trying to step in - back then the Mayor and the government could not wait for an excuse to send in the RCMP - the union KNEW the government was waiting for a excuse to send In the RCMP - The union kept essential services running themselves - The government was hoping the situation/city would descend into riots, hell … ect - but for weeks nothing happens - the mayor eventually gets tiered of waiting and so he dismisses the entire police force and replaces them with patriotic citizens who become special constables - these constables begin to attack the unions - unions fight back - hell descends - mayor calls in RCMP - RCMP arrest all the union members - essentially crippling the strike - strikers decided to have one last protest - mayor warns them saying parades are illegal - strikers prepare to march - RCMP charge the strikers firing their guns on horse back - most of the strikers scatter down the alley ways - were the patriotic citizens are waiting with bats and such and beat the crap out of ever striker they can find - shockingly the strike is officially over - but unfortunately that this is not the last time that the government and business uses violence to end a strike - business and government leaders painted the union as communist - by doing so they reframed the struggle from between labor/business to capitalism/communism Nurses and widows got to vote too Awe so if Saskatoon had a general strike I would half to work  Should Jason be calling his father in law a bastard? haha History 152 Post Confederation Canada 3 June 16, 2009 - this becomes a very common tack and does tell the end of the cold war - to frame anyone against you as communist, anyone one on the left hand side - if you were a politician to be called a communist ended your political career II. Roaring Twenties - for a great many people in Canada the 1920s’ were a period of prosperity - the Canadian and American economies had grown immensely thanks to WWI - after the war the economies continued to hmm in many cases for many people - this prosperity translated into a decade of excess - not every body - foundation of economy is not stable - people are living beyond their means - people are spending more then the have - people are investing in the stock market to such a degree that stock becomes over valued - Factories have actual values, people buy and sell stocks and the value and that stock is not what it is actually worth [a disconnect] - Values
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