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HIST 152 (7)
Lecture

June 15 2009.doc

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Department
History
Course
HIST 152
Professor
Jason Zorbas
Semester
Summer

Description
History 152.3 Post Confederation June 15, 2009 Canada goes to War: Combat and the Home Front 1.Naval Bill - Canadians go off to fight a way that they really have nothing to do with…. - WWI is the answer to the question of “What do we do with united Germany?” - Up until 1871 Germany does not exist, Germany is unified in 1870 - Up until then Germany was a bunch of tiny little countries - The tiny countries unified with Persia and became Germany - Germany became the single most powerful country in Europe - Europe had almost one hundred years of peace, due to a balance of power - Everyone is pointing a gun at everyone else - Anticipated a fight - Alliances began to form 2.Canada’s Response - The army very quickly grew in size and was deployed as part of the British army - Under British command, considered British soldiers - generals fought to keep Canadian soldiers together - kept together and fought as Canadians - Initial suffered the STIGMA that most colonial troops suffered - Perception was that colonial troops were infer fighting sources - Canadian’s quickly distinguished themselves - Canada achieved a noterality by the end of the world, as some of the best soldiers in the war - Second battle of Ypres - April of 1915 - War had been going on for nearly a year - Germans were getting desperate WWI is compared to a bar fight that starts from two guys accidently bumping into one another. They WANTED to fight, they were looking for an excuse to fight! OMG they want to move Royal West to main campus, I LIKE THIS! History 152.3 Post Confederation June 15, 2009 - Had wanted to get a brake through - Thought if the released poisonous gas in the right condition it would wipe out the enemy soldiers and they would get their brake through - April 22nd1915 Germans opened up fifty-seven hundred cylinders of chlorine gas - Against French colonial troop lines - French either died or fled - Canadians were right beside the French - April 24 Germans opened up poisonous gas on the Canadian troops - Gas was a horrible way to die - Would melt your lungs from the inside - Burn your skin - Canadians rolled out of their trenches rolled out of their trenches and laid on the front lines - One of the Candians was a chemist and he said that people should pee on a cloth and hold it to their mouth, to stop the gas - Germans thought Canadians were dead - Canadians rolled back into their trenches and killed off the Germans - Blocked the hole - Great victory, great cost - out of 18,000 troops 6,000 were killed or wounded - First day 3,000 were killed or wounded. - Vimy Ridge - Literally a ridge over looking the battle field - Great view and advantage - Germans took it really early on - 1915 the French launched a massive assault to try and take over Vimy Ridge - cost them one hundred and fifty thousand casualties - Casualties – Dead or wounded - it did not work, Germans kept Vimy Ridge - in 1915 British got Vimy Ridge - in 1917 British told Canadians to take Vimy Ridge WWI is compared to a bar fight that starts from two guys accidently bumping into one another. They WANTED to fight, they were looking for an excuse to fight! OMG they want to move Royal West to main campus, I LIKE THIS! History 152.3 Post Confederation June 15, 2009 - Canadians showed invasion - The built a mockup of Vimy Ridge 1) the practice the invasion 2) they made sure ever single soldier knew what the platoon knew what the goal was - up until then if the captain died it was over - that way everyone else could keep going 3) They also came up with a new artillery tactic - creeping barrage *three straight days you would send artillery to the other guys and pounded them than after that ran* - they timed it so that the shells would start landing a little further ahead - This is how they were able to get Vimy Ridge th - Utilize these tactics, attack Vimy Ridge on April 29 1917 and achieve an unprecedented level of success - 1917 was a very bad year for the Allies - Victory was trumpeted - Canadians achieve a level of world announce - 1917 Russians leave – Communist revolution - 1917 Americans come in - 10:58 George price was killed, last casualties - 1918 Germans bring their armies back from the Russian side and want to end the war, wipe out the Allies - November 11 1918 peace is declared War is officially over - Canadians rejoice and morn their looses - Canada is profoundly transformed by the war - Not just the military - Not just how the world viewed us - But culture and society itself 3. The Western Front - WWI happened because people wanted it to happen - Canada doesn’t get involved until British go to war to preserve Belgium’s neutrality - Canada is automatically at war - The Second the British declared war Canada was at war - Canada was horridly unprepared for war WWI is compared to a bar fight that starts from two guys accidently bumping into one another. They WANTED to fight, they were looking for an excuse to fight! OMG they want to move Royal West to main campus, I LIKE THIS! History 152.3 Post Confederation June 15, 2009 - Canada was excited - Hundreds of thousands of Canadians were excited to go to war Two points 1) Army grows immensely in the first couple of weeks 2) All volunteer army - 1914 war was still glorified, it was viewed as a manly occupations, it is where man went to fight, to see the world - They had no idea of what WWI was going to become - WWI is a completely different war than ANY other war in history to be fought up to that point For two main differences 1) Technology Changes – [Machine guns and Artillery] 2) Military tactics do not - Calvary was the most powerful part of the army, they were the king of the battle field until WWI - Generals keep thinking that if they do what they did the last time they fought they would be successful - Very quickly it becomes obvious that you can no longer line up and march - This is where Trench Warfare comes from - Only safe place on the battle field is the trench, had to dig into the ground - Would Sleep and live in trenches for months at a time - Could barley sleep - Rot - Lice
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