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Hist 260 -- Feb 03 2011.docx

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HIST 260
Selena Crosson

History 260 February 3, 2011 Canadian Women and WWII  Women enter the military, other than nursing capacities  Military = citizenship  They do not go into combat, not appropriate for women 1  Men who run the army are not particularly happy of them being there, the women do not have command over men  Most of it was secretarial and domestic  Women are still expected to be feminine, makeup, dress … ext Reporting the War Saskatchewan’s Gladys Arnold  1930 secretary at Regina Leader-Post  1935 Paris foreign correspondent for Canadian Press o Filed stories to CP and the Leader-Post from France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary Women in the Armed Forces  By 1940, National Defense Headquarters (NDHQ) enlisted women to avoid conscription  Female labour already used in civil service  1941, Britian request women for RAF or RCAF air service  RCAF first armed service  In 1941 about 6700 women enrolled in unofficial self-supporting paramilitary organizations  The bombarded NDHQ with request to be sent overseas. To control female organizations, the government recruited from them  (Non) combatants  Women were noncombatants as the taking of life was seen as incompatible with their role  Women in military  Vast majority in low-skilled service or clerical tasks or “feminine” jobs such as laundry, cooking, nursing  Basic pay was 2/3 of men’s with no dependents allowances  National council of women protested it, by 1943 pay was 80% of men’s, some allowance, some pension and benefits for unmarried women  Nursing sisters History 260 February 3, 2011  The service expands  Each branch had its own distinct uniform  Average age was 25  By war’s end 4480 nursing sisters had enlisted 2  Including  3656 with Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps  481 with Royal Canadian Air Force
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