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INDG 298 Lecture Notes - Jim Gouk, Solitary Confinement, Food Sovereignty

Indigenous Studies
Course Code
INDG 298
Allison Piché

of 8
Native Studies 298
January 29th 2013
Human rights are
guaranteed to all humans
you are either human or not, by being human you have the rights
cannot be taken away due to your behaviour
all humans have equal opportunity to them
“The rights of those who obey the laws of this country are different from those
who do not” -- Jim Gouk
prison = grey area of human rights?
rights in prison have not be applied or allowed equally
example: aboriginal spirituality
aboriginals thought to have them recognized and available to them
when in prison
Canada: prisons are seen as pretty good, but far from perfect
where can Canada improve/
mental health
substance abuse
aboriginals and blacks in prison more
Standard minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners in Canada
organizations in place to provide oversight
office of investigator
acknowledges that the rules are not possible all the time and every where,
but we should strive to make them possible
acknowledge the research area as a developing area
there is room to develop the rules as long as the spirit of the rules is
rules apply to all prisoners and prison management
applicable to all categories except those outlined in second part of the
rules are for adult prisons not for young offenders prisons
chapter 3. Imprisonment and Reform
Native Studies 298
January 29th 2013
history of reform
evolution of rehabilitative programing and reform
Steven Gludwin (?) and the four decades of reform
shift from highlighting, public display, to imprisonment as the main form of
Why Prison?
1. incapacitation: couldn't inflect criminal harm on the outside world
2. deterrence: the fact there is a punishment should deter people from
commiting crimes
3. retribution or expiation: punishment or suffering under the law in order to
equal the harm done by the offender
4. reformation/rehabilitation: time in prison should be devoted for preparing
him/her for a good life after prison
- it is hard to train for freedom in a cage – Oxford History of the Prison
Prisons and Social Change
the rise of imprisonment to other social changes
the rise of individualism
the rise of capitalism
the rise of the novel
through the solidifying the belief of human rights prison became the means
of prisons as punishments – French and American revolutions
solidified human rights
though the acknowledgement of the rights of the individual that alienation
through imprisonment began to make sense
all human beings are born free and equal ....
the right to freedom, is the first right removed through imprisonment
the need to act in the spirit of brotherhood
criminals violated it through breaking the code
first right removed
this period of the rise of imprisonment was linked to the rise of capitalism
work = individuals time and the money that came from their labour
everyone has the right to work, to just and free employment, and the
justification of unemployment
leads to rise of imprisonment as a just response to the rise of the
protection of others
prisons could become for profit institutions
food sovereignty – packaging kinds of food and corporate control of
Native Studies 298
January 29th 2013
should a resistance to capitalist globalization be linked to a resistance to
men vs women who are imprisoned, the differences
evolution of rehabilitation ideals
focuses on solitary confinement
reform through letting the soul flourish through reflection and quiet
individuals isolated and couldn't talk
in reality
solitary confinement was more deter mental
caused mental illness or made them worse
super max prisons
no pretence towards reform
23 hours of solidarity
meant for the worse of the worse
in Canada we have special handing units
no one could argue, or try to argue, that solidarity confinement is
restorative or heal
the horrors of segregation matches the horrors of the crime committed
no respect for the individual or comfort
there could be constitutional issues related to the use of super max
prison and the novel
the rise of the prison as relating to the rise of the novel as a viable
literary form
1900s in particular
John Bender links the prison to the novel through 3 similar goals that
they both have in common
1. both order and classify social life
2. both acknowledge individuals are conscious of their surroundings
3. individuals have a role to play in their reform
the rise of prison writing
the relationship between literature and the prison has only grown
they are intrinsically linked
but yet work in opposition
through writing they can share the perspective and have the voice
Evolution of rehabilitative programming
1945-1975 medical model
treatment specialist during this time thought that prisons didn't go far