NS 298 Feb 12 2013.odt

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Indigenous Studies
INDG 298
Allison Piché

What is symbolic healing? – focuses on the social aspects of illness – close relationship between body and mind as well as health and illness – bonding between healer than individual receiving the healing – can be through a shared cultural background or association shared with symbols – What were Waldram's findings? – not necessary the offenders main reason – to learn more about aboriginal culture and history – to sort out identity – need for solidarity with other inmates – confidentiality is important to offenders – challenges: in terms of access to programs – inmates don't like that elders are paid – elders often have had traumatic experiences themselves – inmates may have issues of using the service of an Elder who has had drug problems – finding someone who wants to work in corrections is often difficult – difficult to retain them Mann Report • Good Intentions, Disappointing Results:AProcess Report on FederalAboriginal Corrections ◦ executive Summary and introductions ▪ the situation for aboriginal offenders in correctional services is problematic ▪ we are in a crisis ▪ CSC isn't well equipped to deal with all the issues thatAboriginal offenders have ▪ CSC has a unique opportunity to provide tailored programs to address the needs and profiles of aboriginal offenders .... (page 2 and 4) ▪ over-representation ofAboriginals – predicted the numbers will grow in the offender population ▪ CSC should develop a holistic approach for dealing with aboriginal offenders • we need to take all of the offender into consideration instead of breaking the offender down into their parts • we need to examine the bigger picture of the individual and treat the whole person instead of the individual concerns • body, mind, and spirit being treated, instead of just the body ◦ CSC Commitments and obligations ▪ CCR – correction and conditional release act • came into effect 1982 and replaced the penitentiary and patrol acts 1. institutional and community corrections – matters abstain to the custodial portion 2. conditional release, detention and long term supervision 3. the office of the correctional investigator ▪ most important sections • 77-84 • includes 81, healing lodge • 84, release into aboriginal community ▪ ◦ progress update 1. fiscal – though the budget has increased each year it is only 2% of the annual correctional budget 2. access to programs – risk of re-offence can be reduced through involvement in culturally appropriate services. Implementation of programs is localized. Impact has been rather limited due to there not being equal access to the programs. Lack of space and staffing shortages makes there be lower amounts of programs. Gangs have significantly impacted the ability to provide programs (cannot bring larger groups of inmates together for programs as people from different gangs cannot be mixed). 3. security and classifications – an imbedded inappropriateness in the classification to
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