September 17 2012
− try and keep the discussion bored concise and as fluid as possible
Kant’s Second Formulation of the Categorical Imperative: Principle of
“Act so as to treat humanity, either yourself or another person, never merely as a
means but always as an end.”
1. you and others
2. never mere means
3. always also as an end
a) Never treat as a mere means: Duties of Justice NOT just as a means – we do this
all the time.
Mere means = to ignore, override or undermine a person’s autonomy - treat person
as merely useful, a functional thing.
Two major ways to ‘use as mere means’: deception or coercion
− a person couldn't rational agree to it as they do no know what is going on
b) Always treat