POLS 112 – Lecture Notes
February 10, 2010
- Freeing of economies.
- Creation of labour markets.
- Arises as an anti-liberal ideology.
- Takes issues with precepts of emerging liberalism.
- Social roots: pre-dates liberalism.
- Communist sense.
- Freeing of labour markets.
- Criticism of individualism that characterizes liberalism.
- Individuals get together, contract, and create state for self-interests.
- It is impossible to understand the individual from social contact, and social roles.
- Create a state that is upon us?
- Hobbes: self-interested view in human nature.
- To sell our labour. We own our labour. Liberals would disagree and say that we are free
in the market.
- Socialists would disagree with liberals.
- Concerns exist that there would be inequality.
Origins of Modern Socialism
- Socrates spent several chapters defining what the ideal state would be.
o Working class (incredibly disdainful of).
o Minimal amounts of property.
- Plato denies aristocratic class.
- There is no family for Plato’s family class.
- No private ownership exists, whatsoever.
- Plato believes that private ownership would lead to corruption, at the expense of “the
- Plato calls it “recipe for disaster,” and will divide the state, instead of uniting it.
- Largely self-interested movement.
- Farmers had common interest to work together: forms of co-operating exist
Utopian Socialism (More, Owen)
- High degree of imagination exists.
Scientific Socialism (Marx, Engels)
- Both argue for scientific socialism.
- Predictable outcome of interplay and conflict between historical forces.
- Rejection of religion. - Lot of socialists before Marx b