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POLS 112 (37)

Socialism and Classes

2 Pages

Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 112
Donald Story

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POLS 112 – Lecture Notes February 10, 2010 Socialism The Basics - Freeing of economies. - Creation of labour markets. - Arises as an anti-liberal ideology. - Takes issues with precepts of emerging liberalism. - Social roots: pre-dates liberalism. - Communist sense. - Freeing of labour markets. - Criticism of individualism that characterizes liberalism. - Individuals get together, contract, and create state for self-interests. - It is impossible to understand the individual from social contact, and social roles. - Create a state that is upon us? - Hobbes: self-interested view in human nature. - To sell our labour. We own our labour. Liberals would disagree and say that we are free in the market. - Socialists would disagree with liberals. - Concerns exist that there would be inequality. Origins of Modern Socialism Plato/Socrates - Socrates spent several chapters defining what the ideal state would be. o Working class (incredibly disdainful of). o Minimal amounts of property. - Plato denies aristocratic class. - There is no family for Plato’s family class. - No private ownership exists, whatsoever. - Plato believes that private ownership would lead to corruption, at the expense of “the common good.” - Plato calls it “recipe for disaster,” and will divide the state, instead of uniting it. Agrarian Socialism - Largely self-interested movement. - Farmers had common interest to work together: forms of co-operating exist (collectivism). Utopian Socialism (More, Owen) - High degree of imagination exists. Scientific Socialism (Marx, Engels) - Both argue for scientific socialism. - Predictable outcome of interplay and conflict between historical forces. Marx - Rejection of religion. - Lot of socialists before Marx b
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