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Canada (493,032)
POLS 205 (35)

Political Parties II

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University of Saskatchewan
Political Studies
POLS 205
Loleen Berdahl

POLS 205 2011-01-25 Political Parties II - Between 1945 and 2005, Liberals formed government for 44 years (73% of the time) - They were once considered “Canada’s natural governing party” - How did they become to be known as the natural governing party? o Started off rather poorly o In 1873-78, formed one-term government and suffered via Pacific Scandal  Came out of the gate slowly o 1896 – party’s fortunes began to change  Got a new leader  Laurier proved to be successful  Was able to figure out formula for success  Worked out well for party over time  Really broadened support in Québec  Conservative government did poor job with Québec with how they handled Manitoba’s schools question o Initially, all parties had equal support  Conservatives mishandled relations with lame Québec province  Liberals accommodated both French and English  Shifted into strong pragmatic politics o Mackenzie King  1921-26, 1926-30, 1935-48  Importance of Québec support  Strong regional ministers  Balance of business and progressive interests  PM for 21 years and 5 months - Conservative Party couldn’t get its act together o Began as Liberal-Conservative Party o Became Conservative Party in 1873 o Progressive Conservative Party in 1942  Led to Reform Party in 1987  PC continued o Canadian Alliance (2000)/PC continued o Conservative Party of Canada in 2003 - Liberal Party of Canada greatly benefitted from divided conservative movement and failed PC governments from the past - Why did the PCs keep losing? POLS 205 2011-01-25 o Losing Québec once remains a challenge to the current Conservative party o Third parties/Western Canada  Really chipped into Western Canadian supptht for the PCs  In the 1945 election, the PCs came in 4 in the prairies behind Liberals, CCF and Social Credit  Western alienation really hurt the Conservatives, rather than the Liberals o Robert Stanfield was not able to translate personal strengths into political victory - Notable exceptions o Diefenbaker and Mulroney’s victories  Both had two of three true majority governments  Put together a coalition of Western Canada and Québec  Elements of Western Canada’s party became the Reform  Elements of Québec and some Liberals became Bloc Québécois - Because of vote-splitting among Reform and PC
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