- How has Quebec nationalism evolved over time?
- How has Quebec nationalism shaped politics?
- Why is Quebec nationalism such a powerful force in Canadian politics?
History Matters: Pre-Confederation
- The assumption is that over time, the population would become English.
- Led to federal system
- Riel Rebellions
o Led to Manitoba being recognized as a province
o Protestants feel his death is justified
o French language rights
Roman Catholics find him a saint
- In 1980, Manitoba was no longer bilingual
- A few crises played into decentralizing Quebec
o When Britain entered the war, Canada was automatically included.
- WWII referendum
o May have eroded Conservative support in Quebec
- Mackenzie King
o Had a strong representation from Quebec
o Entered WWII as an independent country
o 80% of English Canada voted yes
o 73% of voters in Quebec voted no
Led to problem for King (Quebec Act of 1774)
Fuelled nationalism in Quebec
Felt they were powerless in national decision making
o Pre-1960s summary
Conservatives became shut out
- Quiet Revolution
Wanted to maintain Quebec’s political autonomy
Duplessis died in 1959
Quiet Revolution began in 1960
Expanded role of government into areas where church was active POLS 205
Pressured feds for more money
Demanded larger power and resources from feds
o In 1970, the Parti Quebecois was formed by Rene Levesque
October Crisis occurred
FLQ decided to take their extreme