Class Notes (836,591)
Canada (509,862)
POLS 205 (35)
Lecture

Political Parties

4 Pages
138 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Studies
Course
POLS 205
Professor
Loleen Berdahl
Semester
Winter

Description
POLS 205 2011-01-20 Political Parties I: Party Systems and Leaders In 2008, there were four parties elected in the House of Commons, with divided results. Definition of “political party” - An organization one of whose fundamental purposes is to participate in public affairs by endorsing one or more of its members as candidates and supporting their election. o Canada Elections Act - Parties articulate to different interests o Bloc and Green are two good examples Evolution of the Canadian Party System (Carty) - Number of political parties o Defined by constant change - Geographic distribution of parties’ electoral support - Brokerage and ideological parties o Brokerage party is an opposite of ideological party  Broad party that tries to appeal to everyone - Geographic distribution of parties’ electoral support - Brokerage and ideological parties First party system - Focus on caucus - Two leaders were very alike - Patronage politics was the way to do things o Led to a number of scandals to do with corruption o Biggest event was the Pacific Scandal o In general, the party system was stable, predictable, and it looked like things would continue. o Everything would change after the war  Factors that caused change  The west emerged as a significant and distinct political region  There was a fair sense of western alienation, even from the beginning.  Western Canada was at odds with the interest of Central Canada o Farmers believed regionalism was a huge factor in problems o Did not like two-party system  Québec (conscription) o At the time, the Conservative government had a policy of conscription o Shifted many supporters to other parties o Basically ended possibility of a genuine national two-party system  Public got tired of patronage politics o Less accepting of patronage o Less accepting of government corruption Second party system POLS 205 2011-01-20 - Focus on ministers - Really strove to embrace brokerage politics - A third party started to evolve - More parties evolved in general Ministerial Politics and Intrastate Federalism - Many strong minister existed as examples - Jimmy Gardiner, Saskatchewan - Premier: 1926-29, 1934-1935 - Federal Liberal Cabinet Minister (Agriculture) 1935-1957 - Led to protest parties to be created Protest Parties - Progressives o 1920s, farmers o No party discipline existed o Parliamentary leader, not party leader o Eventually merged with Conservatives to create Progressive Conservative Party of Canada - Social Credit o Regional grievance (Alberta) o Protest against banking system o Eventually led to conservatism o Limited to Alberta o Re-emerged in Québec in the 60s
More Less

Related notes for POLS 205

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit