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POLS 205 (35)

Political Parties

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Political Studies
POLS 205
Loleen Berdahl

POLS 205 2011-01-20 Political Parties I: Party Systems and Leaders In 2008, there were four parties elected in the House of Commons, with divided results. Definition of “political party” - An organization one of whose fundamental purposes is to participate in public affairs by endorsing one or more of its members as candidates and supporting their election. o Canada Elections Act - Parties articulate to different interests o Bloc and Green are two good examples Evolution of the Canadian Party System (Carty) - Number of political parties o Defined by constant change - Geographic distribution of parties’ electoral support - Brokerage and ideological parties o Brokerage party is an opposite of ideological party  Broad party that tries to appeal to everyone - Geographic distribution of parties’ electoral support - Brokerage and ideological parties First party system - Focus on caucus - Two leaders were very alike - Patronage politics was the way to do things o Led to a number of scandals to do with corruption o Biggest event was the Pacific Scandal o In general, the party system was stable, predictable, and it looked like things would continue. o Everything would change after the war  Factors that caused change  The west emerged as a significant and distinct political region  There was a fair sense of western alienation, even from the beginning.  Western Canada was at odds with the interest of Central Canada o Farmers believed regionalism was a huge factor in problems o Did not like two-party system  Québec (conscription) o At the time, the Conservative government had a policy of conscription o Shifted many supporters to other parties o Basically ended possibility of a genuine national two-party system  Public got tired of patronage politics o Less accepting of patronage o Less accepting of government corruption Second party system POLS 205 2011-01-20 - Focus on ministers - Really strove to embrace brokerage politics - A third party started to evolve - More parties evolved in general Ministerial Politics and Intrastate Federalism - Many strong minister existed as examples - Jimmy Gardiner, Saskatchewan - Premier: 1926-29, 1934-1935 - Federal Liberal Cabinet Minister (Agriculture) 1935-1957 - Led to protest parties to be created Protest Parties - Progressives o 1920s, farmers o No party discipline existed o Parliamentary leader, not party leader o Eventually merged with Conservatives to create Progressive Conservative Party of Canada - Social Credit o Regional grievance (Alberta) o Protest against banking system o Eventually led to conservatism o Limited to Alberta o Re-emerged in Québec in the 60s
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