January 7 2012
Social Movement: a collective, organized, sustained, and non-institutional,
challenge to authorities, power holders, or cultural beliefs and practices. (Goodwin
and Jasper, 4, 2009)
Think about what you would do if you were a social movement
entrepreneur.... what would you need to do.
In some places social movements are said to call on institutions
The initial spark must come from outside the government
Look towards who has power, towards the change in attitudes and values
Target is some component to the status quo
Social movements as 'Contentious' for Charles Tilly, social movements are but one
form of 'contentious politics'
− 'Contentious' in the sense that social movements involve collective making
of claims that, if realized, would conflict with someone else's interests,
political in the sense that governments of one sort or another figure
somehow in the claim making, whether as claimants, objects of claims,
allies of the objects, or monitors of the contention.” - Tilly and Wood, 3
(2009) quoted in Staggenborg, 5 (2012)
Social Movements are 'collective challenges' based on common purposes
and social solidarity, in sustained interaction with elites, opponents, and
Contentious Politics 'School'
− The contentious politics definition of social movement, as a sustained
challenge to elites or other opponents by shifting coalitions of collective