January 18 2013
Monday: read chapter 3 in the social movement reader
Rohoda Lois Blumberg – The Civil Rights Movement
Blumbergs proposes, among other things, that important structural changes occur
in American society during the 20 century. These developments create
opportunities for the civil rights movements to emerge and catalyze.
Explain her analysis given these developments?
Structural economic changes: argiculture
− subsidization of Ag continued (to keep land out of production) but few
sharecroppers received theses subsidies
− increased mobilization substantially affected labour requirements
− you have a labour force who is without work
− “By 1960, 73 percent of black people were urban and by 1965, the figure
had risen to 80 percent” (p. 16).
− “By 1960, about half of the black population lived outside of the most
repressive areas – the old slave states” (p. 16).
− What was the last impact of these changes, according to Blumberg?
− how they are interconnected
− macro level changes
− increasingly moved north, deep south loses a lot of the African American
− urbanized ghetto forms
− relative deprivation: having hopes and aspirations that are not met at the
moment, there is a distance between your reality and where you think you
− churches play a major role
− creates a basis for opportunities
− liberation theology becomes part of civil rights
institutional change in the U.S.
− what developments during the 1940's characterize changes that might be
best understood as institutional (and, therefore, structural_?
− And opportunity structure
− executive orders
− FDR creates the first national Fair Employment Practise Commission Pols 251
January 18 2013
through an Executive Order (1941)
− Truman, in 1948, ends segregation in the armed forces
− Why pay attention to them?
− one paid attention to them because they wanted their support. They
could begin to elect their own candidates
− during the cold war
− image was everything to the U