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Pols 251 Jan 18th.doc

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Political Studies
POLS 251
David York

Pols 251 January 18 2013 1 Housekeeping: Monday: read chapter 3 in the social movement reader chapter two: Rohoda Lois Blumberg – The Civil Rights Movement Blumbergs proposes, among other things, that important structural changes occur in American society during the 20 century. These developments create opportunities for the civil rights movements to emerge and catalyze. Explain her analysis given these developments? Structural economic changes: argiculture − subsidization of Ag continued (to keep land out of production) but few sharecroppers received theses subsidies − increased mobilization substantially affected labour requirements − you have a labour force who is without work Demographic Change − “By 1960, 73 percent of black people were urban and by 1965, the figure had risen to 80 percent” (p. 16). − “By 1960, about half of the black population lived outside of the most repressive areas – the old slave states” (p. 16). − What was the last impact of these changes, according to Blumberg? − how they are interconnected − macro level changes − increasingly moved north, deep south loses a lot of the African American population − urbanized ghetto forms − relative deprivation: having hopes and aspirations that are not met at the moment, there is a distance between your reality and where you think you should be − churches play a major role − creates a basis for opportunities − liberation theology becomes part of civil rights institutional change in the U.S. − what developments during the 1940's characterize changes that might be best understood as institutional (and, therefore, structural_? − And opportunity structure − executive orders − FDR creates the first national Fair Employment Practise Commission Pols 251 January 18 2013 2 through an Executive Order (1941) − Truman, in 1948, ends segregation in the armed forces − Why pay attention to them? − one paid attention to them because they wanted their support. They could begin to elect their own candidates − during the cold war − image was everything to the U
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