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Pols 251 Feb 1st 2013.doc

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University of Saskatchewan
Political Studies
POLS 251
David York

Pols 251 1 February 1st 2013 Resource Mobilization Theory Resource Mobilization Theory: a theoretical approach focusing on the resources, organization, and opportunities needed for social movement mobilization and collective action. • Resource Mobilization Theory (RMT) emerges as a result of the dissatisfaction with previous assumptions of so-called Classical Social Movement Theory. • A) Members of the movements emerging in the 1960’s were not characterized as marginalized, isolated or deprived but were more often members of the middle class. • Early assumptions on who joins included: • Marginal and alienated members of society • Individuals that were insecure and/or dogmatic • Individuals that were compensating for some kind of personal inadequacy • Difficult given young middle class youth, easy associated • Out casted, disempowered • Psychological state • Imitate the short falls • B) The larger picture of collective behavior as irrational appeared unfounded. Margit Mayer argues, “the failure of liberal politics provided the trigger for a wave of social movements that could hardly be read as irrational outbursts of deviant or marginal groups” (Mayer, 1995). • Political interest, political culture, couldn’t address the problems • Dissatisfaction • Context specific • 1960s to early 1970s • Dominate frame work The problems with these conclusions an
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