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Realpolitik - 368 - Jan. 29, 2013.pdf

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Political Studies
POLS 368
Martin Gaal

January 29, 2013 January-29-13 11:32 AM Protesters in Egypt say that the new Egyptian president has usurped power. - In the past two weeks, thousands have taken to the streets, including last night, despite a curfew and state of emergency. - This may or may not be dramatic, but also hasn't gone really far. ○ However,it's bad news for the U.S. ○ The U.S. has tried to promotedemocracyin Egypt and has given more than $1 billion in aid to Egypt (mostlymilitary aid), while thinking highly of the future while Morsi became president, as he offered moderateviews and offered a ceasefire while cracking down on Hamas and its tunnels. ○ The influence of the Muslim Brotherhoodhas since grown.  It's rootedin Egypt, where it arose.  It's still compared to Jihadists, which is still a moderateforce.  This might be good for more extremistgroups in Africa. ○ In the past, Morsi referred to Obama as a liar, but later retracted by Morsi's office as being "out of context. *************************************************************** On February 7, 2013,we will hear from Michel Brisebois from the Canadian Forces in class? - Kernel was in Egypt during "revolution." - Will at least talk about Canadian mission and a lot more? - There will be a question period… Realpolitik - Soviet Union, seeing weakness in the West following World War II, tookadvantage of power vacuums. - They tookadvantage of situations to expand their power. George F. Kennan - Ambassador to Moscow. - He was a scholar and wrote a number of things. - Viewpoint: Contained in the "Long Telegram," which went to the State Departmentand warned about a Soviet Union that would take advantage of any situation that it could. - Word "containment"would becomethe word used to describe American foreign policy for several decades… right up until the collapse of the Soviet Union. ○ This would mean to a lot of American leaders and general public: opposition to the Soviet Union and the spread of communismaround the world. - Ideology, as they meant, was what was really at stake. ○ Soviets were trying to spread Marxismand Leninism. - Fourth view: it's kind of a radical view. ○ It's called a "revisionist" view of the origins of the Cold War. ○ It began by somerevisionists in history such as William Horowitz. ○ The wartime behaviour of the Sovietsand post-war behaviour was largely defensive. ○ Had Truman not assumed an offensive posture against the Soviets,things could have been very different.  Some believed the United States was really to blame for the Cold War.  While the U.S. sought to create an understanding, they never actually attempted to understand Russian influences. ○ The argument of some,therefore, which would include some radicals, was that the U.S. attempting to protect its own ideology and universalism actually provoked the Soviet Union to take counteractionsthat would eventually allow the U.S. to point to as "aggressive behaviour." "aggressive behaviour."  This interpretation was a very minority vie
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