February-28-13 11:31 AM
- Defeated Lyndon Johnson's vice president, who tried to distance himself from
- By 1968, the war was not very popular.
- As such, the election was won by Richard Nixon.
- By the time that Nixon took office, there was a very active anti-war movement,
and the war became Nixon's War (previously Johnson's War?).
- Nixon's plan would come to be known as 'Vietnamization.'
- Part of Nixon's plan was to cut off supplies going to the South and figured that
infiltrator who were coming to the North and to the South.
- In Congress, the administration lied about its actions in Cambodia.
○ They said they were not involved, but were deeply involved.
○ Hundreds of thousands of bombs were dropped.
- Henry Kissinger undertook secret negotiations with the North Vietnamese
○ Nixon administration eventually got mired down in Vietnam.
- Nixon administration assumed:
○ If you could resolve the situation, especially the Soviets, the Soviets would
not want to risk their relationship with the U.S.
- Kissinger came up with the Linkage Theory:
○ The idea was to give the Soviets benefits for good behaviour.
○ Soviets would have to spend less money on arms, etc., because they
would receive a whole lot of benefits.
○ By linking Soviet behaviour to benefits of relations with the U.S., they
assumed the Soviets would actually change their ways.
- American businessmen found it easy to enter the Soviet Union, but harder for
approval from the U.S. to return.
- During the Vietnam War, the Chinese provided small weapons while the
Soviets provided larger arms, etc.
- Nixon Doctrine.
○ U.S. can't be expected to take front lines in defence of everybody.
○ Nixon said doing so was more of a commitment than U.S. would want.
- By the late 60s, there was no ideology the Soviets hated more than the
○ They both set up troops along the borders of their respective countries.
○ Chinese claimed that Soviet's model was "third world."
- Rumour circulated in Eastern Europe: there was a low-level
bureaucrat/diplomat from Soviet that would meet low-level U.S. diplomat in
○ Rumours: they'd have a brandy or something
U.S. bureaucrat wondered what U.S. would think if Soviets did the
world a favour and nuked China.
- The Americans gave certain message for the Soviets to give to the Chinese:
○ As far as we know, the U.S. wanted to improve relations.
○ The Chinese were not ready to accept imperialistic trash like that?
- Kissinger eventually flies to the Pakistan.
○ Said he was sick and flew to Beijing to discuss things with Chinese