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POLS 368 (22)

Nixon Administration

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University of Saskatchewan
Political Studies
POLS 368
Martin Gaal

Nixon Administration February-28-13 11:31 AM Nixon administration? - Defeated Lyndon Johnson's vice president, who tried to distance himself from Vietnam War. - By 1968, the war was not very popular. - As such, the election was won by Richard Nixon. - By the time that Nixon took office, there was a very active anti-war movement, and the war became Nixon's War (previously Johnson's War?). - Nixon's plan would come to be known as 'Vietnamization.' - Part of Nixon's plan was to cut off supplies going to the South and figured that infiltrator who were coming to the North and to the South. - In Congress, the administration lied about its actions in Cambodia. ○ They said they were not involved, but were deeply involved. ○ Hundreds of thousands of bombs were dropped. - Henry Kissinger undertook secret negotiations with the North Vietnamese Communists. ○ Nixon administration eventually got mired down in Vietnam. - Nixon administration assumed: ○ If you could resolve the situation, especially the Soviets, the Soviets would not want to risk their relationship with the U.S. - Kissinger came up with the Linkage Theory: ○ The idea was to give the Soviets benefits for good behaviour. ○ Soviets would have to spend less money on arms, etc., because they would receive a whole lot of benefits. ○ By linking Soviet behaviour to benefits of relations with the U.S., they assumed the Soviets would actually change their ways. - American businessmen found it easy to enter the Soviet Union, but harder for approval from the U.S. to return. - During the Vietnam War, the Chinese provided small weapons while the Soviets provided larger arms, etc. - Nixon Doctrine. ○ U.S. can't be expected to take front lines in defence of everybody. ○ Nixon said doing so was more of a commitment than U.S. would want. - By the late 60s, there was no ideology the Soviets hated more than the Chinese. ○ They both set up troops along the borders of their respective countries. ○ Chinese claimed that Soviet's model was "third world." - Rumour circulated in Eastern Europe: there was a low-level bureaucrat/diplomat from Soviet that would meet low-level U.S. diplomat in Poland. ○ Rumours: they'd have a brandy or something  U.S. bureaucrat wondered what U.S. would think if Soviets did the world a favour and nuked China. - The Americans gave certain message for the Soviets to give to the Chinese: ○ As far as we know, the U.S. wanted to improve relations. ○ The Chinese were not ready to accept imperialistic trash like that? - Kissinger eventually flies to the Pakistan. ○ Said he was sick and flew to Beijing to discuss things with Chinese Communist leadership
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