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POLS 368 (22)

Non-proliferation; Iraq Invasion (Clinton and Bush); Terrorism

3 Pages

Political Studies
Course Code
POLS 368
Martin Gaal

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March 14, 2013 March-14-13 11:36 AM Non-proliferation - It was the Clinton administration that was the one that had to realize North Korea was developing weapons. - It was unlikely that they were willing to allow North Korea to create weapons. ○ The hope of Clinton was to give North Korea something so beneficial to them that they would stop developing dangerous weapons, and it was successful. ○ In a very carefully crafted agreement, the U.S., with the support of South Korea and Japan, agreed to provide North Korea with two nuclear reactors that could only create energy.  In exchange, North Korea would freeze their efforts for nuclear weapons and allow for inspectors. However, it did not have to destroy/dismantle its existing weapons.  North Korea did not act as quickly as some in the Bush administration would have liked. ○ The U.S. did not deliver on the reactors that they had promised. ○ North Korea thought that the U.S. cheated because it did in fact stop its program and got nothing for it. Iraq Invasion (Clinton and Bush) - Clinton also believed Iraq had weapons… not just Bush. - Hussein kicked out inspectors, and it was a mystery as to why that occurred. ○ The U.S. planted agents. ○ Clinton administration was never satisfied with Hussein's efforts. - It's even possible that the Clinton administration would have done something more dramatic. - In 1998, U.S. troops bombed Iraq. Terrorism - The terrorist threat in the U.S. grew throughout the Clinton administration - The terrorist threat in the U.S. grew throughout the Clinton administration beginning with the 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York. ○ Al-Qaeda was responsible for the WTC bombing. - In 1998, al-Qaeda, under Osama bin Laden, al-Zawahiri, and several others issued a fatwa (religious ruling) against the U.S. - A number of terrorist attacks took place in the United States following the fatwa. ○ In 1998: U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were attacked.  Intensive investigations occurred.  Clinton administration believed al-Qaeda were responsible for this and that they were now working out of Sudan.  Sudan invited UN inspectors into its countries, who found no signs of chemical weapons production… ○ In October 2000, American naval vessel USS Cole was attacked in Yemeni port, killing 17 U.S. soldiers.  A week later
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