Presidential Administrations Following the Collapse
of the Soviet Union
March-12-13 11:35 AM
George H.W. Bush, continued.
- We had to continue to live in a post-socialist world.
- Over time, the Soviet Union became weaker and weaker, and simply collapsed.
○ The republics that had been a part of it declared it as dead.
- American policy was a policy of post-containment.
○ Sometime, they said it was "beyond containment."
○ What was significant was that the U.S. didn't immediately see that there
was nothing to contain.
Some would say that the U.S. would create an enemy if it didn't have
Others would say that the U.S. wouldn't know what to do if it didn't
- In a document that was released by the administration, the administration said:
○ "We have within our grasps an extraordinary opportunity to build a new
international system in accordance with our values and ideas as
uncertainties bubble around us. Never before has the world looked to the
American example, and today, in a rapidly changing world, American
leadership is indispensable."
○ The document was likely written by Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney.
We'd hear this document again (or something similar to it) when
George W. Bush became president.
- In 1992, Bill Clinton defeated George Bush, who was seeking a second term,
based on domestic concerns.
○ Bill Clinton challenged him on domestic issues, such as the economy and
- In 1994, Bill Clinton, who became president in 1993, identified five dangers that
the U.S. faced:
○ Global economy and free trade.
□ Clinton was (and still is) an advocate of free trade.
He thought it was good for everybody's economy, including
◊ There were Democrats within his own lame party that ◊ There were Democrats within his own lame party that
believed that the U.S. would lose jobs to countries like
Democrats had not traditionally been free trades… it was
the Republicans who were more interested in free trade.
The labour movement was also against free trade, because
they thought wages would be less in the U.S. because
companies could hire "cheap labour."
Most Democrats supported free trade however.
□ While it was negotiated under George H.W. Bush's
administration, the North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA) was signed and ratified once Clinton became
APEC (Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation)
□ A lot of trade barriers will either be eliminated or reduced by
□ Forum for 21 Asia Pacific countries.
FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas)
□ Signed in 1994.
□ Barriers to trade dissolved in a significant way.
□ Whether free trade is a good thing or bad thing, it was a Clinton
○ Global and local environmental threats.
It probably didn't hurt that he had Al Gore as his vice president,
whose emphasis was and still is the environment.
Much harder to deal with.
□ Some of the things to do to reduce greenhouse gases was to
place expensive taxes on manufacturers.
□ Nonetheless, the U.S. negotiated the 1997 Kyoto Accord in an
attempt to reduce greenhouse gases.
The U.S. signed the deal, but did not ratify the deal.
Canada pulled out of it in 2011.
China and India never intended to join.
A number of third-world countries said that it did not have
the money/resources to join.
◊ It costs a lot of cash money to place environmental
◊ The countries demanded aid and support from others
in order to put environmental controls in place.
□ At the time, when the Kyoto Accord was agreed upon, when