Canada and the United Nations, (Continued)
January-09-13 9:25 AM
Canada's role and in the formation of the UN, continued.
- Two options countries wanted:
○ Military intervention as a possibility.
○ The 'big boys' stay involved.
- Canada was pushing for the aforementioned.
- The only way to get the U.S. and U.S.S.R. involved was to let have them vetoes
over any action.
○ Canada threw its support behind the United States and supported the idea
of allowing the five permanent powers to have a veto.
- Collective security (in the context of World War II).
○ Sanctions weren't enough… there had to be the possibility of military
action by the UN.
This would become Chapter 7 of the UN's charter.
- Korean War
○ The possibility of using military power to prevent intervention from other
powers was prevented by allowing the five permanent members of the
Security Council veto powers.
○ The biggest problem is the Communists?
○ St. Laurent would eventually be against the idea of two Koreas.
○ King became prime minister on the condition that he be allowed to leave
politics following the end of the Korean War.
○ Canada became a part of the United Nations Temporary Commission on
○ Major foreign policy decisions were made in the federal Cabinet.
Cabinet unanimity was important.
A major decision today is rendered by the prime minister.
□ Cabinet was once a microcosm of Canadian society.
□ Getting Cabinet on board before was like getting all of Canadian
society on board, as prime ministers often tried to get ministers
from every province or region in Canada.
- Department of External Affairs
○ Was not happy with election process in Korea.
○ There was a good chance of electoral fraud and intimidation.