Canada and the United Nations, continued.
January-11-13 9:35 AM
Canada and Suez Crisis
- Pearson plays a large role, but does not solve issue. He does come up with a
partial solution… it's the U.S. that eventually solves this issue.
- After 1945, the Middle East, which had essentially been under European
colonial control, is free and decolonized.
○ The colonial boundaries that existed in the Middle East, such as Syria,
Palestine, Iraq… these borders don't make any sense.
They exist… their borders just didn't make sense.
○ The Middle East was likely going to be a mess.
The creation of Israel would make things worse.
This is where Canada comes in, as Canada played a role in the
creation of Israel.
○ For years, Jews had hoped for a Jewish state.
Jews did not have a homeland for over 2,000 years.
Anti-Semitism was rampant in Christian Europe for over 1,000 years.
This whole area was controlled by the British, who are now facing a
rebellion by the Jewish membership.
The British had no interest in policing the situation after World War II,
which then turned things over to the UN (First United Nations
□ Canada was a part of this "force."
One of the options was a federal state.
□ Canada rejected the idea of a federal state.
□ Two explanations:
The "bad" one:
◊ We're an American ally… Canada wanted an
American ally and Canada believed it helped Canada.
◊ It's a Cold War thing… pure "real" politics. It's all
about the realism.
The "better" one:
◊ From a realist standpoint, this has worked well for
○ Over in Egypt, a former British colony, it was a unilingual country, with the
exception of Coptic Christians.
○ It is largely homogenous.
○ Both British and French companies maintained control of their assets in
Business interests were tied to the state.
○ Suez Canal is built by British and French companies.
British and French hold control.
○ Aswan Dam
Gamal Abdel Nasser seeks assistance for the construction of the
In addition to the construction of the dam, Nasser wants to modernize
Egypt's military… so he seeks assistance.
□ The U.S. refuses.
□ USSR provides weapons… and the U.S. is upset.
Accepting aid from a Soviet country means you're a Soviet
ally, making you an enemy to the United States.
Nasser is enraged… and promises to nationalize the Suez Nasser is enraged… and promises to nationalize the Suez
Canal to the chagrin of Britain and France.
◊ British and French pride is deeply hurt.
In response to nationalizing the Suez Canal, the British and
French block Israeli access to the Red Sea, despite the
insistence of the U.S. not to.
◊ They had to come up with an excuse, and they
apparently approach Israel about Israel invading
◊ Americans are furious once this happens… and would
eventually force Britain and France to leave.
◊ Canada is also fu