Canada and NATO
January-21-13 9:33 AM
France has managed to get some countries to join the NATO mission in Mali.
In 1949, various nations of NATO got together and signed an offensive treaty.
- In 1949, it is a paper treaty.
○ Eventually, it becomes an organization.
- During the Korean War, there is sort of a recognition that the Communist/Soviet threat
is militaristic and not subversive.
○ NATO transform from a treaty alliance to an organization.
○ It will have a centralized command.
○ Eventually, a NATO brigade was created.
- In 1951, a brigade was created with Canada being a contributing country.
○ From 1954 until 1993, it's the same brigade… they just rotated elements through
○ Canada's military brigade would be the fourth contribution.
○ Canada contributes militarily, but must expand after decreasing it.
Mackenzie King was responsible for this.
○ Before the Korean War, Canada's troop count was down to 35,000 and over
100,000 after 1954.
Canada supports a transformation of NATO.
○ We have a massive increase in the size of the military.
- Canada has embraced the idea of rearmament and becoming a military part of NATO.
○ In terms of land forces, there is a conventional force gap between the eastern
block and NATO.
○ There are tactical nukes and "strategical" nukes.
You drop "strategical" nukes on cities.
Tactical nukes are smaller and are dropped on small groups of people.
There is a conventional force gap.
□ Conventional forces are much smaller than NATO forces.
□ In order to combat the conventional force gap, it was determine