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POLS 375 (33)

Interventions in the New Millennium

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Political Studies
POLS 375
Jason Zorbas

Interventions in the New Millennium March-04-13 9:32 AM Interventions in the New Millennium - 9/11 and the global paradigm. ○ A good example of Canadian foreign policy influenced by Americans. - NATO and Afghanistan? ○ A good example of multilateralism. - Canadian inaction in Iraq and Darfur. - Libya and Syria. For the most part from 1974 until 2004, we had been dealing with minority governments. - As a result, governments were able to influence foreign policy where domestic issues were not much of a problem. - Chretien and Mulroney were able to put their own stamps on foreign policy while Mr. Harper spent years fighting for a majority government. 9/11: A Dramatic Shift in the World's International Paradigm (Similar to Cold War) - The way people conceived global governance or international politics changes following this event. - In 1991, we had the end of the Cold War… which saw a dramatic shift. - It's not a new shift… it's just a return to old American policies, but without the counter-weight of the Soviet Union, which makes it… new? - In 2001, George W. Bush was the president of the U.S., who surrounded himself with Reagan and Bush Sr.'s administrations' officials, including Cheney and Rumsfeld? ○ This was a logical idea, because Clinton had two terms and he's a… Democrat. ○ His father's mandate was only for one term.  As a result, it was unsurprising to bring them back, as they had the experience. - Part of this new American mindset goes back to the Cold War. - Following 9/11, Bush said "You're either with us or you're with the terrorists." ○ They used this similar rhetoric during the Cold War. ○ They were upset when Canada maintained relations with Cuba. - The United States tends to do things even without support the United Nations. ○ During the Cold War, in such a situation, the United States would act unilaterally if the UN decided not to support them. ○ Much of their actions and thinking in the post-9/11 period is similar to how they behaved during the Cold War. - During the Cold War, Canada knew where it stood. ○ Without question, we were an American ally. ○ The Soviet Union was an actual threat: both existentialist and ideological. ○ Terrorism, however, is not an existentialist threat. ○ Security can be so important to the U.S. that they will make choices that are detrimental to their e
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