POLS 205 Lecture Notes - National Energy Program, Sponsorship Scandal, Manitoba Schools Question

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Published on 12 Oct 2012
School
U of S
Department
Political Studies
Course
POLS 205
2011-02-03
POLS 205
Vote Choice in Canada
- Bill Clinton’s phrase was well known as “It’s the economy, stupid!”
o Focus was heavy on the economy
- Why do Canadians vote the way they do?
- Voters:
o They are going to be “rational” and self-interested
o Based choice on personal utility
- Aggregate data
o Collected at the constituency level by Elections Canada
o Electoral return data
o Limitations
Ecological fallacy
Attitudinal variables exist
o Canadian election studies
Occur during and immediately after elections
Sampling issues and limitations
Response rates
Sample sizes and subpopulations
Validity of responses
Example: voter turnout
- Social determinants of vote choices in Canada
o Education?
o Income
o Business?
o Age
o Welfare recipients/beneficiaries?
o Families
o Homeless people usually won’t vote
o Ethnicity!
o Place of residence?
- Region in vote choice
o West, Quebec
o Urban-rural
Rural tends to be more right-wing while urban is more likely to vote NDP
o Inner city-suburbs
o Historically, the Liberal Party of Canada has benefitted the most of minorities and
immigrants
- Class and Vote Choice
o Class is a major determinant in voting in countries, including the U.S.
o Canada has very little class voting
- History: Institutions Matter
o Conservatives sort of jilted Quebec
Losers can’t forgive and forget
Funding for the arts was cut?
Conscription
Manitoba Schools Question
Failure of the Meech Lake Accord
West traditionally votes Conservative
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Document Summary

Bill clinton"s phrase was well known as it"s the economy, stupid! : focus was heavy on the economy. Voters: they are going to be rational and self-interested, based choice on personal utility. Aggregate data: collected at the constituency level by elections canada, electoral return data, limitations. Attitudinal variables exist: canadian election studies. Social determinants of vote choices in canada. Region in vote choice: west, quebec, urban-rural. Rural tends to be more right-wing while urban is more likely to vote ndp. Inner city-suburbs: historically, the liberal party of canada has benefitted the most of minorities and immigrants. Class and vote choice: class is a major determinant in voting in countries, including the u. s, canada has very little class voting. History: institutions matter: conservatives sort of jilted quebec. Farmers don"t like liberals: rise of bq and sovereignty movements in qu bec, federalism. Incumbent party will likely do better during good economy.

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