POLS 303 Lecture Notes - Brian Tobin, Western Alienation In Canada, Responsible Government

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Published on 12 Oct 2012
School
Course
Professor
The (class) nature of Saskatchewan.
1.
The impact of staple commodities (natural resources) and provincial ownership.
2.
External influences (U.S.).
3.
Uneven development.
4.
Agrarian (Western) protest Western alienation.
5.
Quebec national (class base?)
6.
Federal, as opposed to a unitary, state.
7.
Powers of the Crown
o
The Crown and the PM
o
Executive and Legislative Power
The Crown and the Legislature
o
Constitution Act, 1867: The Basic Machinery of Government
-
Federalism and the Division of Powers
o
POGG
o
The Courts and Judicial Power
o
Federalism and Judicial Power
-
Role of Queen is largely symbolic.
S. 10 o the BNA Act: carrying on the government of the Queen.
o
The Role of the Queen is purely ceremonial and symbolic.
o
He/she can be appointed for about 5 years, and can be extended.
In the event of premature removal from office, the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court acts as the administrator until a new Governor General
is appointed.
Governor General stands in place of the Queen.
o
The Crown
-
Statute
o
Powers of the Crown:
-
Responsible Government.
Courts hold that statutes replace prerogative powers.
Majority of powers exercised by government flows from statute
rather than prerogative.
Why?
o
Impressive List: Are those powers exhaustive?
-
BNA calls or creation of QPCO (S.11)- not PM.
Chosen from persons enjoying the confidence of the elected assembly.
Grow (in part) to become the Cabinet the GGs advisors (informally)
and the heart of elected power in the Dominion (formally).
Crown’s Power: Queen’s Privy Council Office
o
Constitution and Political Power
-
Once you become a member, you are usually there for life.
Queen’s Privy Council
o
The Constitution and Political Power
-
Prime Minister’s office is retained by convention.
o
Prime Minister is the head of cabinet.
o
By convention, members must have seats in the House of Commons or
in the Senate (although controversial).
Some members have been appointed without a seat (Brian Tobin in
Prime Ministers appoint cabinet members.
o
Prime Minister and Cabinet
-
Constitution and Political Power
September 20, 2012
September-23-12
9:47 PM
POLS 303 Page 1
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Document Summary

There are seven distinct areas meant to explain the persistence of regionalism in canada: The impact of staple commodities (natural resources) and provincial ownership. Constitution act, 1867: the basic machinery of government o o o. The crown o: 10 o the bna act: carrying on the government of the queen. Role of queen is largely symbolic. o o. The role of the queen is purely ceremonial and symbolic. Governor general stands in place of the queen. He/she can be appointed for about 5 years, and can be extended. In the event of premature removal from office, the chief justice of the. Supreme court acts as the administrator until a new governor general is appointed. Majority of powers exercised by government flows from statute rather than prerogative. Bna calls or creation of qpco (s. 11)- not pm. Chosen from persons enjoying the confidence of the elected assembly.

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