POLS 375 Lecture Notes - Nuclear Technology, Pierre Trudeau, Douglas Harkness

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Published on 27 Jan 2013
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It's hard to say no.
Liberals, Progressive Conservatives and Canadian Alliance supported mission.
It really drained our military.
In a similar vein to Afghanistan.
At one point, Canada thought of giving the military a one-year leave to rebuild in 2011.
Our system virtually guarantees that one party can make decisions unilaterally.
None of the political parties in Canada have actually opposed intervention, as it fits into our
narrative as peacekeepers and good international citizens.
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There are some things that can lead to "Mission Creep."
Diefenbaker accepts military vehicles that are capable of transporting nukes.
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Liberals are also anti-nuclear.
Howard Green, as well as public opinion, is largely anti-nuclear.
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The Liberals failed to win in 1957!
From 1920 and 1948, the Liberals were in power for all but six years.
The Liberals had been led by Louis St. Laurent, who made Lester B. Pearson his Minister of
Foreign Affairs.
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As long as he is opposition leader, Diefenbaker can safely backtrack on his stance on
nuclear weapons.
1960-61: Diefenbaker has change of heart and decides that nuclear warheads are
ghetto.
Pearson is firmly anti-nuclear.
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JFK was what Obama is to Canada right now.
JFK was revered in Canada and was considered to be the best popular politician in
Canada, even though he was a lame American Democrat.
The Americans release information that our weapons systems don't work without nukes,
and we knew about it.
John F. Kennedy (JFK) and the American administration called Diefenbaker a liar.
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Canada initially refused to raise its defence levels, while Harkness disagreed and said
yes, it should happen.
Harkness eventually resigns and his resignation gives Pearson a reason to introduce a
confidence motion in Diefenbaker's government… and we had an election in 1963.
The 1963 election focuses on the Cuban Missile Crisis… and Pearson wins a minority
government.
Back then, the Cabinet was a check on the prime minister?
Douglas Harkness firmly supports nuclear arms and basically commits treason during the
Cuban Missile Crisis.
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Canada accepted Beaumont missiles due to the launch site being in close proximity to
populated areas.
Our NATO forces eventually become armed with tactical nukes.
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Canada exports nuclear technology… and this included India, which indirectly helped
India create its nuclear bomb… leading to Pakistan arming itself.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau would eventually remove all nuclear weapons from Canadian soil, but
NATO forces will continue to be armed with nukes.
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Canada has largely embraced nuclear power, but we are against the idea of other countries
arming themselves with nukes?!
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In 1993, with the end of the Cold War, Canada's armed forces return to Canada from
Germany.
Canada remains an important part of NATO while Trudeau reduces the number of troops
committed to the military.
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NATO/Nuclear Option
Canada and NATO, Part 2?
January-23-13
9:32 AM
POLS 375.3 Page 1
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