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PSY 120 Lecture Notes - Cognitive Therapy, Environmental Planning, Procrastination

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PSY 120
Donna Darbellay

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Feeling good by David Burns
Psychology 110
Approaches to treatment and therapy
Chapter 17
Cognitive therapy: form of therapy designed to identify and change
irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and hence to reduce negative
Rational emotive behaviour therapy [REBT]: designed to challenge
clients irrational thoughts [overgeneralizations, catastrophizing] Ellis.
Other forms include cognitive therapy for depression [beck] and stress
inoculation for anxiety [meichenbaum]
Stress inoculation
o Meichenbaum developed a form of cognitive therapy to treat
excessive anxiety called “stress inoculation”
o Involves three stages
i. Education phase
ii. Rehearsal phase
iii. Implementation phase
Procrastination: many procrastinators are perfectionists [if you cannot do
it perfectly, then don’t do it at all]. Failure to accept limitations leads to
impossible standards and catastrophizing, rather than rational, responses
Bandura’s Therapies
o Self-control therapy: designed to help people overcome
problem habits. Required self-observation, environmental
planning, and self-contacts
o Modeling therapy: people can overcome disorders by observing
another person who is dealing with the same problem in a
productive fashion
Humanist therapy: form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of
humanism, which emphasizes the present and the clients will [want] to
change rather than past conflicts and assumes that people seek self-
actualization and self-fulfillment
Client-centred therapy: emphasizes therapists empathy with the
client and the use of unconditional positive regard [Rogers]
o Empathy: refers to ability of therapist to understand and accept
what a client says
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