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PSY 120 Lecture Notes - Long-Term Memory, Confabulation, The Fading

Course Code
PSY 120
Donna Darbellay

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Psychology 110
January 19 2010
I. Introduction of the chapter
Reconstructing the past
o The capacity to retain and retrieve information
o The changes in the structures that account for this capacity
o Reconstructive process
Memory and the power of suggestion memories can be changed
In pursuit of memory how to remember things better
The three-box model of memory
The biology of memory
How we remember
Why we forget
Autobiographic memories
II. Reconstructing the past
A. Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information and the structures associated
with the capacity
B. The Manufacture [making] of memory: many metaphors over time that don’t
acknowledge that memory is selective
1. Memory is not a video recording
2. Memory is reconstructive [Bartlett] Bartlett’s (1932) studies and reconstructive
a. Source misattributions inability to distinguish what you originally
experience from what you heard later we were told about the event
b. H.M always attempts to reconstruct his recent past in order to explain
recent events
i. Had to remove his Hippocrates, due to seizers, so he could not get
from short term memory to long term
C. The Fading Flashbulb
1. Vivid, detailed memories for an even that was a surprising and emotional even of
nation or international significance
2. Usually shocking, or tragic evens hold a special place in memory
3. Flashbulb memories: characterized by surprise, illumination, and seemingly
photographic detail
D. The conditions of confabulation
1. Confabulation:
a. confusion of an even that happened to someone else with on that
happened to you [or vice versa]
b. Belief that you remember something when it never actually happened
False memories can be stable over time as true ones
2. Circumstances under which confabulation is likely to occur
a. The person has thought about the imagined event many times
b. The image of the event contains many details
Sensation short
term memory
long term memory
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