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Psychology 110 - March 23 2010.docx

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University of Saskatchewan
PSY 120
Donna Darbellay

Psychology 110 Friday April 9 study session March 23 2010 1 Personality Disorders Personality Disorders: a pattern in the personality that involves unchanging, maladaptive traits that causes great distress or an inability to get along with others. Not caused by medical conditions, stress, or situations that involve temporary changes in behaviour - Eleven disorders organized into three clusters 1. Cluster A: odd or eccentric [paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal] 2. Cluster B: dramatic, emotional, or erratic [antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic] 3. Cluster C: anxious or fearful [avoidant, depended, and obsessive- compulsive] - Paranoid personality disorder: characterized by unreasonable, excessive suspiciousness and mistrust, and irrational feelings of being persecuted by others. - Narcissistic personality disorder: characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and self-absorption, entitlement. - Borderline personality disorder: characterized by intense by unstable relationships, fear or abandonment by others, unrealistic self-image, and emotionally volatility. - APD and Psychopathy Factors o Psychopathy: characterized by lack of remorse, empathy, anxiety, and other social emotions, the use of deceit and manipulation, and impulsive thrill seeking o Antisocial personality disorder [APD]: characterized by a lifelong pattern of irresponsible, antisocial behaviour such as law- breaking, violence, and other impulsive, reckless acts o A number of factors may be involved in these disorders: i. Abnormalities in the central nervous system ii. Impaired frontal lobe functioning Psychology 110 Friday April 9 study session March 23 2010 2 Personality Disorders iii. Genetic influences o Psychological responses to threat of punishment, empathy, and emotions such as anxiety or fear that can be classically conditioned are different between APD and non-APD groups - Dissociative Identify Disorder [DID]: controversial disorder marked by apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name. formally known as multiple personality disorder (MPD) and some psychologist doubt its existence o Dissociation: the ability to leave reality o Some clinicians argue DID originates as means of coping with childhood trauma which produces “splitting” o Others believe many cases may be generated unwittingly by clinicians through suggestive techniques/hypnosis o Socio-cognitive explanation of DID: ability of some troubled, high imaginative individuals to produce many different “personality” is an extreme form of ability we all have to present different aspects of our personalities to others - Schizophrenia: psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech,
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