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Psychology 110 - January 12 2010.docx

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University of Saskatchewan
PSY 120
Donna Darbellay

Psychology 110 1 January 12 2010 Cognitive consistency: they are inadequate, distortions H. Overcoming Our Cognitive Biases - A way to overcome, looking at ALL the evidence; NOT just the evidence that supports the appropriate conclusion 1. Cognitive biases are less likely under certain conditions a. Expertise and education b. Serious consequences c. Understand “bias” IV. Measuring Intelligence: Psychometrics (measurese) A.Disagreements exist on the nature of intelligence - Trying to measure intelligence 1.Factor analysis is a procedure: sort or analyze certain facts and put them into different groups or categories - Sorts and measures difference mental abilities 2.General [g] factor—the sum of a variation types of intelligence - Debate: what are the general types? - Do they come under one factor? - Can they stand alone? - VIQ = 140, P IQ = 130 so G IQ = 135 3.Psychometric approach – standardized test a. Achievements tests [learned] b. Aptitude test [ability to learn] B. The Invention of IQ tests 1. Binet’s brainstorm: developed in France, specifically for children - measure the intellectual development for children for early intervention. - Not genetic factor alone  nurturing - worked with slow children, to improved their IQ a. Measured a child’s mental age (MA): the age of the abilities one is performing at b. Compared mental age to chronological age (CA) to yield Ex) Psychology 110 2 January 12 2010 2. Today, (Figure 9.3) Normal Curve - “retarded” [50-70, 20-50] anything less than 70. - Not based on IQ alone, it’s on functioning and adaptively of the person - The normal is 100 - Rethought or classification 3. The invention of IQ tests a. Terman established: - brought it to North America - established the norms for children in North America - Long term work with “bright children”  “Termites” - Stereotypes – small build, nonathletic, thick glasses, not socializing - What he found – taller, broader structure, athletic, motivation b. Wechsler developed – used more today, easier to score and admit - Adults – Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Later for Children - Wechsler Children Intelligence Scale - Two measures, verbal and performance c. Produced ge
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