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Psychology 110 - January 28 2010.docx

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PSY 120
Donna Darbellay

Psychology 110 1 January 28 2010 Chapter Eleven: Emotion Reptilian brain: limbic system Two Traditions on how we understand emotions: 1. Organic tradition: feelings precedes the thoughts Biologically based Reasons: i. Babies: do not have the ability to think yet but they recognize and respond to emotion ii. Purely sensory input can stimulate an emotion: immediate reaction to something that doesn’t even necessary happen to us iii. Thinking and feeling are not always related iv. When anxious or feeling down so you change your thoughts. Does that mean your feelings have changed? 2. She only said the second one for a split second, and never wrote it don Emotion: is a state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, tendencies toward action, and all of the above are shaped by cultural rules. Elements of emotion: the body Primary emotions: emotions considered to be universal and biologically based - Fear - Anger - Sadness - Joy - Surprise - Disgust - Contempt - (Pride?) Secondary emotions: emotions that develop with cognitive maturity and vary across individual and cultures - Arrogance  Neuroscientist and researchers study three major biological aspects of emotion i) Facial expressions ii) Brain regions and circuits iii) Automatic nervous system Psychology 110 2 January 28 2010 Chapter Eleven: Emotion Reptilian brain: limbic system  Primary emotions associated with distinctive psychological patterns and facial expressions  Evolutionary explanations say that emotions are hard-wired and have survival functions o Evidence for the universality of 7 facial expressions of emotion [Ekman, 1997]  Anger, happiness, fear, surprise, disgust, sadness, and contempt  Emotions recognize cross-culturally  Genuine versus fake emotions can be distinguished  Eyes and the forehead give away fake smiles  Facial contact: extremely important in reading emotion. Important for important relationships such as a child or significant other o Can you spot the emotion [picture from textbook] i. Surprised ii. Disgust iii. Happy iv. Sad v. Mad vi. Pride vii. Scared viii. Content – has a bit of pride/arrogance Functions of the facial expression o Facial expressions reflect our internal feelings, but can also influence them o Facial Feedback: the process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed o Emotions help us communicate emotional and single others [survival values]  Begins in infancy, babies convey emotions and can interpret parental expressions o Facial expressions can generate emotions in others o Mood cognition: a mood spreading from one person to another, as facial expressions of emotion in the first person generate emotions in the others. Nonverbal signals can cue emotional responses in others as well.  Example: studies of conversational synchrony: a person’s poster influence another person o
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