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Chapter 8 Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies.pdf

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PSY 257
Donna Darbellay

Chapter 8: Behavioral and Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies November-04-12 11:02 AM 1. Two Men  Watson Poor relations with M and F F absent during his childhood Insecure & authority issues Need to numb/deny emotions (Little Albert) M love is dangerous unhealing wound: rob child of its opportunity to conquer the world  Skinner “I am my genes and behavior” Viewed F-lawyer and controlled by M M resentment: died giving birth to you M dominant, driven, needy  Bandura  Canadian  worked on Alaskan highways with men who fled Alaska to avoid creditors, alimony and probation officers.  psychopathology of daily life 2. Behavioral Therapy not Theory Based Focus: modification of behavior based on learning principles (4 aspects)  Personality theory is unnecessary Basic Assumptions ◦ Deterministic: ◦ Abnormal behavior ◦ Manipulation of the environment 3. Behavioral Paradigm Basic Concepts: reinforcement (+/-), punishment, extinction Stimulus Generalization spontaneous recovery Classical conditioning: (neutral stimulus paired with one that triggers a reflexive response) Operant Conditioning (reflexive response is modified by negative or positive reinforcement or punishment Vicarious Conditioning (observational) Approach: Stimulus Generalization Empirical—functional analysis of specific situation sometimes including objective/structured tests Action as opposed to Talk 4. Behavioral Therapy Goal Three Theoretical Approaches; Three Theoretical Approaches; Neobehaviorism overt may be mediated by covert (cognitive) Radical behaviorism covert ignored Social Cognitive recognizes interaction: S – R - cognition 5. Behavioral Techniques Systematic Desensitization-progressive exposure usually accompanied with relaxation (new responses replaces fear) Virtual Reality Exposure – stimulated exposure Exposure & response prevention –extinction by learning that the stimulus does not present danger feared Modeling – observational usually to contact with participants Aversion Therapy - use of noxious stimulus (e.g, antabuse) or Gene Abel’s learned associations (fantasy) Punishment – electrical shock (the plethysmograph) Relaxation Biofeedback 6. Issues with Behavioral Analysis Therapy (BAT)
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