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Soc 214 Jan 23.docx

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SOC 214
Lisa Broda

Sociology 214 1 Jan 23 2012 House keeping  You can say “I” in your paper Development of Social Control Theories – Containment Theory  One of the first theories trying to explain why people conform  Containment theory: o Walter reckless – viewed as an early version of the social control perspective o Focus was on inner and outer factors that he referred to as containments  These containments where absent in deviants, present in those who conform o Inner containments: the ability to feel guilt and shame  The individual has a rational interest in maintaining a “stake in conformity” o Outer containments: refer to one’s social environment  Factors external to the individual and carry’s a threat of sanction  Can be formal or informal o probability of deviance increases when these constraints are weakened  weakened constraints involve a ‘push/pull’ phenomenon  recognized within these theories that we are people and sometimes we experience discontent Ivan Nye – Family Tie Theory  Focuses on family as primary socializing agent  Slightly advances the concepts of inner and outer control  Internal control: motivated by rewards and consequences  Direct control: rules, school, work  Indirect control: overlapping  Legitimate need satisfaction: need to feel protected, we need to feel as though we belong Social Bond Theory – Travis Hirschi  Focus is on techniques and strategies that regulate behaviour and ensure conformity  He looked at attachment o Families and institutions o Maybe they had a dysfunctional family but had a great mentor or teacher  Premised on the idea that we conform to conventional bonds Sociology 214 2 Jan 23 2012 o Whether it is people or institutions  Referred to as social bonds – with the strong bonds, there is a lower chance an individual will be deviant o Attachment: individuals sensitivity to others o Commitment: the stake in playing by the rules  Being invested in conventional lives  The sense of doing the ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ o Involvement: the time and energy spent into conforming  Going to
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