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Soc 214 Jan 30.docx

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SOC 214
Lisa Broda

Soc 214 1 Jan 30 2012 Through a blue lenses 1999 NFB Group work Wednesday Symbolic Interactionism - Out of Chicago school o Mead, Cooley o Different from typing - Symbolic interactionism perspectives based on a micro-level analysis – meaning focus is on smaller groups within society - Emphasizes how ‘meaning’ emerges out of social interaction - Focuses on changing symbols (or meanings) associated with a particular structure or institution o They become social facts at the time - Central focus of symbolic internationalist is the development of self-image, self-concept and identity Labelling theory  Evolved out of the symbolic internationalism theory perspective – acts are deviant because people are labeled as such  Edwin Lemert = social pathology o Where he defines the concepts of primary/secondary deviance  Primary deviance: rule (or law) breaking that goes undetected by others  Jay walking, white collared crime, speeding, kids underage drinking, downloading movies and music from the internet, lying about tax returns, murder (serial killer), domestic abuse/violence  Secondary deviance: when the deviance is detected and results in societal reaction  Tertiary deviance: not only is it internalized, but they feel as though it is their right o Howard Becker furthered Lemert’s work and result was Labelling theory defined as: deviance is a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an “offender”  The ‘deviant’ is the one who that label has successfully applied  An emphasis on social processes – learns to be deviant (self-fulfilling prophecy)  Emphasizes  Social processes whereby the deviant discovers ‘deviant’ behaviour  And learns to participate Soc 214 2 Jan 30 2012 Comments/limitations/social policy  Labelling process is by no means accurate o View is unfair  An individual who may be labelled deviant ay negotiate with those in position to apply the label  We also label ourselves – natural reactions to our wrongdoings – part of learning  Stigma of crime/action does not always increase deviant behaviour  Labeling theory has been influential in changing social policy especially at the CJS level  Judges/officials educated to the labeling effects  Mental health officials/policy Structural Functionalism - Chicago school, associated with the work of Durkheim, Parsons and Merton - 1950’s – functionalism = the dominant theory in North American Society - Central idea is that society is a whole unit that works together o Rests on the idea that we are stable and orderly, if one part of society is off something has to balance it off o Social order is viewed as consensual agreement  Based on our value, belief system  Family, government - Deviance unintentionally produced but is necessary to function of our society o Weak structures are what create deviance which causes us
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