January 14 2013
Epistemology --> deductive approach --> Quantitative Research
Ontology --> inductive approach --> Qualitative Research
theory and research – an example
− functionalist: big picture, relatively uncritical
− changing patterns, comparisons?
− conflict: inequality, social change
− patterns with critical context? Who believes? Who is disadvantaged?
− Quantitative, qualitative, mixed
− interpretive: micro-logical, meaning symbols
− experiences? Local conditions? Medical and discourse?
− feminist: gender inequality
− power imbalances? Intersections between gender ethnicity and class
− qualitative, quantitative, mixed
− interpretive sociologist might contextualize research using quantitative data
− functionalist might include open ended questions in survey & use selected
− using measures, using questions they can quantify, they will use scales
What interests you about illegal drug use? What are your values and beliefs? Does
perspective fit with method?
− which of the four perspectives and which general research orientation
(methodology) are est suited to a study of illegal drug use? Explain.
Group discussion – little bit of notes from everyone's discussion –