SOC 233 – Introduction to Sociological Theory 09/09/11
Test 1 – 25% on October 3, 2011
Test 2 – 25% on October 31, 2011
Position Paper – 10% on November 14, 2011
Final Exam – 40% TBA
Chapter 1 - Historical Sketch of Sociological Theory: The Early Years
Social Forces in Development of Sociological Theory
Political Revolutions – Negative impacts of political revolutions; wanted to restore chaos and
Industrial Revolution and Rise of Capitalism – People are moving from agricultural lifestyles to
more urban (e.g., factory) lifestyles; wanted to create more equality in capitalist society.
Rise of Socialism – Means of productions should be shared, cooperatively and productively.
Feminism – Situation of women; struggling in society; wanted women to gain a voice.
Urbanization – Movement into cities; traffic, pollution, chaos (e.g., Chicago School).
Religious Change – Many theorists were religious; academia and religion do not always mesh.
Growth of Science – Shifted role of religion in society; how can we mesh religion and society?
Note – Science has a lot of credibility, because it is something you can study; empirical support.
Intellectual Forces and the Rise of Sociological Theory
Enlightenment – Production of grand ideas; theorize grand ideas.
Note – Theory can have its roots in a grand idea, but it needs to be tested.
Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment – REVIEW 10 PROPOSITIONS in textbook.
Classical Sociological Theory – Early 1800-1900s
Largely produced in France, England and Germany (review theorists).
Theorists try to rectify social order.
People began to look ahead; forward thinking.
Founding Fathers Concerned With 4 Approaches to Society:
Change in economic organization.
Growth of cities.