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Soc 233 Oct 19

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University of Saskatchewan
SOC 233
Kara Somerville

SOC 233 October 19, 2011 Mead’s: Significant Other Significant Other: Describes people whose opinions of us alter our own self-perceptions.  These opinions matter most to us in developing perceptions of self.  eg) A teacher’s opinion of self will not be as heavily swayed when opinions come from class, as opposed to his/her immediate family, who have a greater influence on his/her development of self. Note - Mead distinguishes them from those who are only seen as non-specific composite (i.e., the generalized other) and do not have the same impact. Cooley Looking Glass Self: Reflection of self that comes back to you based upon the judgment of others.  Mirrored image of ourselves through perception of others.  We are directly molded through opinions or judgments others make of ourselves.  3 Stages We Create Identity: 1. Imagine how we appear to others – How you look to others. 2. Imagine judgment of that appearance – How you are being judged. 3. Develop our self through the judgments of others – Developing self through judgment of others. Example of Cooley’s Looking Glass Self Note – As you interact with different people, images can shift.  eg) If you piss off your parents, you might not have an angelic halo above your head.  Sociologists interested in how people deal with negative judgments and how it affects development of self. Note – Only possible through judgments; INTERACTIONS.  We can try to resist negative images, but generally, the dominant images prevail.  ie) If negative judgments are predominant, those are the ones that will appear most frequently. What Have We Learned So Far… 1. Looking at active role of individuals; how selves are formed.  eg) Cooley’s Looking Glass Self, Mead’s “I” and “Me,” and “Generalized Other.” 2. Importance of meaning and interpretation in everyday social situations.  eg) Blumer and Mead. 3. Social construction of social events.  ie) Established, hidden rules that indicate how we are supposed to behave in certain situations.  eg) Facing forward in an elevator instead of staring at the floor numbers move as you go up or down. Note – Number 3 indicates that we have a shared meaning of how to behave.  Sociologists (Symbolic Interactionists) are interested in looking at how these ground rules develop. Goffman Stigma: How we create images which discredit sense of self. Asylums: Total institutions in which you are expected to surrender identity and take on the collective whole of this institution. Dramaturgy and Everyday Life Dramaturgy: Takes the dramatic situation of actors and actresses on stage and applies this theatrical representation to everyday lives of men and women.  Looks at how individuals in their everyday lives, present themselves to others.  Focus is on impression management.  People present a script on how they would like to appear; positive images to avoid embarrassment, shame and negative
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