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Soc 233 nov 21

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SOC 233
Kara Somerville

SOC 233 November 21, 2011 Appadurai’s “Landscapes”  The ways we have fluid, global flows of things 1. Ethnoscapes: Refers to people.  Mobile groups or individuals.  Migrants or immigrants. 2. Technoscapes: Technology flowing across national boundaries.  Information technology flows globally. 3. Financescapes: Money that flows between nations; across national borders.  eg) Migrant sending home money.  eg) Currency that flows between nations.  eg) Company in one country that pays workers in another country. 4. Mediascapes: Media can be seen as extending beyond the borders of one nation-state.  Transmission to people around the world instantly through the use of media.  eg) Email, television, Internet.  Globalizes world. 5. Ideoscapes: Refers to ideologies.  Political images, political discourse that are generated by nation-states, but perpetuated on a global level.  Awareness of what is happening on the ideological level of nation-states as a result of globalization. Transnationalism : Multiple ties, relationships and interactions liking people or institutions across nation-states.  The flows linking people or institutions on a global scale. Transnational Practices: Activities that simultaneously transcend and link people or institutions across more than one nation-state. Note – Can occur at a micro-, meso- or macro- level. Q – Are nation-states irrelevant?  No. See below. Understanding the Role of Nation-States 1. Nation-States Control Movement Across Boundaries  ie) Legislations, rules and regulations that allow you to enter or leave a country.  Ability to relocate or close doors. Note – Borders play an important role. 2. Regulates Membership  eg) Citizenship.  Rights that are not equally given to individuals. 3. Allegiance  A result of the fears that come about through the movement of people.  eg) US - War on Terror. 4. Relationships Among States  Regulations placed upon individuals are dependent on the relationship between nation-states. Note – Transnationalism places enormous emphasis on nation-states, whereas globalization does not. Types of Transnational Practices: 1. Social: Maintenance of connections between nation-states.  Can link you to individuals across the globe through social relationships. 2. Political: People who join or oppose political parties.  The voice of non-residents and residents alike.  Ability to restrict voting; shaping politics. 3. Economic: The flows of money across nation-states. Change in Landscape Uniqueness of Current Transnational Practices: 1. Size  Happening in much larger proportions than it did in the past. 
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