SOC 233 November 24, 2011
Video – Understanding Sociology from Modernity to Postmodernity
Sociology is dated.
Need a new form of sociology to understand the postmodern world.
Postmodernism: Challenge notions of truth, reality and reason.
Without these three components, it is impossible to systematically study (a basis for the
discipline of sociology).
Modernity: Emergence of modern industrial society; set of changes which is loosely termed as industrial
or political revolutions.
Changes in terms of knowledge and ideas; science and rationality.
Structural and ideological changes; ways of thinking about the world.
Set of ideas based upon science, rather than religion.
Postmodernity: Coming after modernity.
Note – Pre-modern society (i.e., Providence) was crystallized by the Enlightenment.
Enlightenment: Gave rise to scientific notions of the world.
Faith in God replaced by faith in science and rational.
Science of society; explain and predict how society works.
3 Principle Ideas of Modern Society:
1. Social Order
2. Rational Understanding
Note – Postmodernists REJECT all three Modern principles ideas!
Postmodernity: Living in a society where some of the assumptions and institutions associated with
Modern society are becoming superseded or obsolete.
The Postmodern Condition
The ability to CHOOSE.
Everything pre-postmodernism was strictly governed.
eg) What to wear, what to eat.
Individualism now reigns supreme.
Note – Postmodern society based upon choice, individualism and insecurity. Case Study : Gender and Media
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