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Class Notes for Accounting & Financial Management at University of Waterloo (page 66)

AFM123 Lecture Notes - Initial Public Offering

New share issues via public flotations Introduction There are three main ways of raising equity finance: - Retaining profits in the business (rather than distributing them to equity shareholders); - Selling new shares...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM123 Lecture Notes - Share Capital, Startup Company, Working Capital

Often the hardest part of starting a business is raising the money to get going. The entrepreneur might have a great idea and clear idea of how to turn it into a successful business. However, if sufficient finance can’t be...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM123 Lecture Notes - Asset, Cash Flow Statement, Overdraft

Financing using an overdraft Overdraft financing is provided when businesses make payments from their business current account exceeding the available cash balance. An overdraft facility enables businesses to obtain shor...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
maximizing

f an important financial objective of a business is to maximise the value of the business, how can this be achieved? The answer lies in the different approaches to valuing a business. There are two broad approaches to val...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM123 Lecture Notes - Hydrology, Epidemiology

Chapter13: The Science of Risk Assessment:  The basic model, partitions risk assessment into four steps: hazard identification, dose-response modeling, exposure assessment and risk characterization.  I...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM123 Lecture Notes - Corporate Finance, William Baumol

In much of economic theory, it is assumed that a business aims to maximise profits. In reality, most businesses which are run for “commercial gain” do have profit maximisation as an important objective – since the shareho...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM123 Lecture Notes - Unlimited Company, Companies House, Sole Proprietorship

legal structures of a business The legal structure a business chooses is fundamental to the way it operates. This legal framework determines who shares in the profits and losses, how tax is paid, where legal liabilities r...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM123
Christine Dupont
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Conditionality, Rural Development, Scottish Government

financing a business - grants and subsidies There are a wide range of grants and subsidised loans available to UK businesses. Finance is available to help support business expansion, to provide funding for research and de...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Angel Investor

Business Angels Business owners often report that company finance of £10,000 to £250,000 can be very difficult to obtain - even from traditional sources such as banks and venture capitalists. Banks generally require secu...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Finance, Budget, Call Centre

There are two broad types of accounting information: • Financial Accounts: geared toward external users of accounting information • Management Accounts: aimed more at internal users of accounting information Although t...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Angel Investor, Hire Purchase, Cash Flow

Raising finance - an overview Author: Jim Riley Last updated: Wednesday 24 October, 2012 When a company is growing rapidly, for example when contemplating investment in capital equipment or an acquisition, its current fi...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Startup Company, Angel Investor, Share Capital

External sources Loan capital This can take several forms, but the most common are a bank loan or bank overdraft. A bank loan provides a longer-term kind of finance for a start-up, with the bank stating the fixed period...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
equity.docx

What is equity? Equity is the term commonly used to describe the ordinary share capital of a business. Ordinary shares in the equity capital of a business entitle the holders to all distributed profits after the holders...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Call Centre, Cash Flow

What is the Business Plan? The business plan sets out how the owners/managers of a business intend to realise its objectives. Without such a plan a business is likely to drift. The business plan serves several purposes:...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule
AFM102 Lecture Notes - Accrual

Accounting Concepts Four important accounting concepts underpin the preparation of any set of accounts: Going Accountants assume, unless there is evidence to the contrary, that a Concern company is...

Accounting & Financial Management
AFM102
Robert Sproule

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