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Researching culture.docx

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ANTH 100
Jennifer Liu

ANTH 102 RESEARCHING CULTURE JAN 16 TWO MAJOR RESEARCH APPROACHES Etic - Data collected according to the outsider researchers’ questions/categories - Deductive; goal of being able to test hypothesis - Quantitative data for hypothesis testing - By cultural materialistics Emic - Seeks to see what insiders say and understand about their culture - No hypothesis, data collection follows from participants findings - Qualitliive data for descriptive insights - By interpretivists Anthropological Ethnics - Prompted by Project Camelot & the Vietnam War - One of first discipline to come up with ethic code - Main responsibility is to ensure safety of people participating in research Collabrative Research - Members of study population History of Fieldwork - 1870s “armchair” approach: sit on armchairs and read other people’s accounts and come up with own findings based on secondary sources - 1900s “verandah”: invite local to their setting to talk to them about situations - Today ”participant observation”: living with people in culture for extended duration, participating in their everyday life, learning their language Early Fieldwork and Participant Observation - Goal: to record as much as possible of people’s language, rituals, song and social
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