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Lecture

ANTH 101 Modern Human Morphology.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 100
Professor
Keriann Mc Googan
Semester
Winter

Description
Modern Human Morphology 1. Small faces, protruding chins 2. Rounded skull 3. Less robust postcranial skeleton Modern Humans in Africa - Ethiopia o Omo Kibish o 195 kya o one individual modern-looking, one less so o earliest modern human found - Herto, Ethiopia o Accurately dated to 160-154 kya using radiometric techniques o Best preserved early Homo sapiens cranium found o Evidence of African origin for Homo sapiens o Morphological patterns observed didn’t math any contemporary modern human population: might support African origin Modern Humans in Asia - China o 7 regions o Liujiang Cave, Upper Cave at Zhoukoudian, Tianyuan Cave, Ordos in Mongolia o Continuity from Homo erectus to modern humans o Tianyuan cave  African origin, but possibly interbreeding with resident early hominins; similar to those found in Africa (partial replacement model) Modern Humans in Australia - Sahul 50 kya (includes New Guinea and Australia) - Not clear how reached Australia  boat? Used bamboo rafts from Indonesia - Lake Mungo o Earliest finds so far; earliest Australian homo sapiens lived there 14000-9000 years ago o mtDNA o Fossils found show archaic traits; genetically more similar to native Australians Modern Humans in Central Europe - Oase Cave, Romania – 35 kya o Cranial remains (mandible and partial skull) of 3 robust but anatomically modern humans - Mladec in Czech Republic – 31 kya - After 28 kya, modern humans widely dispersed in central and western Europe Modern Humans in Western Europe - Cro-Magnon, France o Associated with Aurignacian tools o 8 anatomically modern human individuals found - Portugal o Child skeleton found o Possible hybridization in fossil record  might indicate interbreeding between neandertals and modern humans  limb proportions and robustness might indicate neandertal features  Might also be because it was a child skeleton found, so it is not yet fully developed The “Little People” - Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia (island)  13 kya o found at least 2 adult hominins, mandible of one individual and a cranium, mandible, and post-cranial evidence of another individual - Hominins with unique morphology  3 feet tall, 417 cc (very small brain) - Descendants from Homo erectus found in Indonesia  Homo sapiens might not be only Homo members that survived o Conundrum: how did they get from Indonesia to this island of Flores? Pote
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