ANTH100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, James Hutton, Uniformitarianism

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ANTH100 Full Course Notes
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Scala naturae the great chain of being (medieval times) reflection of religion. Every species was created individually; the relationship from one species to another was based on their hierarchy. Archbishop james ussher (1581-1656) earth is 4. 5 billion years old, he counted the biblical generations, believed the earth was 6000 years old. Prior to darwin most westerns did not think the world was truly old. Carolus linnaeus taxonomy: systema naturae (1735) classification of living things. Species do not change over time, species stay the same. (dkpcofgs) binomial nomenclature, he did not think of domain. He did not make this to reflect an evolutionary tree. Every species was created in the past exactly the way it appears today. 17th and 18th centuries, reason was advocated as the primary source of legitimacy and authority. Prior to this, church was the source of legitimacy and authority. Compte de buffon: prior to darwin (mid 1700"s)

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