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BIOL 101 (73)

applied scientific processes

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BIOL 101
Christine Dupont

Chapter 57Conservation BiologyConservation biologyan applied scientific discipline devoted to preserving the diversity of life on Earthmodern conservation biology is supported by and integrated with other scientific disciplineshumans study the full array of goods and servicesthat humans derive from species and ecosystemsits a normative disciplineembraces certain values and applies scientific methods to the goal of achieving these valuesmotivated by belief that preservation of biodiversity is good and that its loss is badConservation biology is guided by 3 basic principlesEvolution is the process that unites all of biologyThe ecological world is dynamicHumans are a part of ecosystemsearly photosynthetic prokaryotes and eukaryotes generated oxygen making Earths atmosphere unsuitable for anaerobic organisms plants accelerated weathering of the rocks gaining access to rockbound nutrientsendemic speciesspecies that are found nowhere elsehumans have been exterminating species for 1000s of years due to overhuntingPeople value biodiversity becauseHumans depend on other species for food fiber and medicineSpecies are necessary for the functioning of ecosystems and the many benefits and services those ecosystems provide to humanityHuman derive enormous aesthetic pleasure from interacting with other species
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