Class Notes (786,419)
Canada (482,179)
Biology (2,149)
BIOL 359 (64)

Lecture 1.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
BIOL 359
Jonathan Witt

bLecture 1: Science: From National Academy of Sciences 1. FACT: observation that has been repeatedly confirmed and for all practical purposes is accepted as “true” • Truth is science, is never final : may be modified or even discarded tomorrow 2. A Scientific Hypothesis: A tentative statement about the natural world leading to deductions or predictions that can be tested • If the deductions are incorrect, the original hypothesis is abandoned or modified 3. Law: a descriptive generalization about how some aspect of the natural world behave under specified circumstances • Eg; the second law of thermodynamics  The Goal of Science: a well substantiated explanation of some aspects of the natural world that incorporate facts, laws, and tested hypotheses. Misconceptions About Science and Evolution: 1) Does Science Tell us that God Cannot Exist:  Science has nothing to say about the existence of GOD or spirituality 2) Some people state they have faith in Science and Evolution:  Science is not a faith, which is by definition acceptance in the absence of evidence 3) Some people claim that they theory of evolution justifies immorality and unethical behavior  Science does not directly inform us about questions concerning morality and ethics  Naturalistic Fallacy: the way that things are is the way that they should be  Science informs us about the way the natural world is, not about the way it should be Intelligent Design Theory: • An alternative scientific theory to explain biological origins and complexity o Presupposes that any complex structure must be the result of an intelligent designer • Holds that biological complexity apparent in nature cannot be explained by Darwinian evolution and is consistent with intelligent design ; implies life on Earth was the product of an unidentified intelligent force • Promoted by the Discovery Institute and Center for Cultural Renewal as a scientific alternative to Darwinian Evolution • Critics; ID is merely creationism; a literal reading of the Bible’s story of creation camouflages in scientific language The Development of ID theory: • William Paley ( 1802): proposed natural theology o Evidences of the existence and attributes of the Deity, Collected from the Appearances of Nature • Michael Behe; Senior Fellow at the Discovery Institute and Center for Cultural Renewal o Author of Darwin’s Black Box; the biochemical challenge to evolution o Defined Irreducible complexity as ; a single system composed of several well matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one part causes the system to effectively cease functioning  the so called linchpi
More Less

Related notes for BIOL 359

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.