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Lecture Notes Sept 16 - Oct 5 Every board note, in-class survey, class discussion and diagrams - all in one package.

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University of Waterloo
J.Andrew Deman

ENGL108F – The Rebel th Thursday, September 16 Thoreau Notes Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862) - Spent his entire life in Concord - Was Harvard educated - Had an unattractive self-reflection - Transcendentalism (belief in the intangible) - Most famous essay: Walden Civil Disobedience (written in 1849) - Inspired by opposition to slavery and the Mexican-American War - Non-compliant philosophy: do not cooperate, passive, no arms - Adopted by Ghandi, and later Martin Luther King The Text - Introduction: best government is no government - This is impractical, an eventual goal, and promotes anarchy (no rulers) CLASS SURVEY: How long would it take to have a society without government? 10 years A century A millennium Never 0 votes 7 votes 12 votes 14 votes - Generation gap - Human nature - Radical event - Living standards - Persistence of - Have and have-nots memory - Born followers The Text: Excerpts - Pages 126 – 127 demonstrates violence - Page 112 – this system dehumanizes us, the voice of the minority is important, people are essentially robots - Page 119 – close-minded, ignorant - Page 110 – impairment; government is taking credit for other people’s work, government is not helping, they are blocking - Page 136 also demonstrates impairment - Flaw in view of persuasion - Protection against manipulation The Plan - Page 118 “Some are… treasury”: dissolve on a personal level - Page 122 “Cast… weight”: clog -> cast whole vote - Page 125 “However… clerk”: declare independence - This plan is attention-seeking, ultimately fruitless (jail as punishment) and inspiring Rhetorical Triangle A: Logos = logic (evidence, fact) B: Pathos = emotion Examples in text: he calls you a coward, shame, resentment towards the government, angry, frustrating, brotherhood with fellow man A C: Ethos = credibility Thoreau has experience, went to Harvard, he is elite, B C however on the flip side he is just like you, the “everyman”, and writes “pretty” Tuesday, September 21 st Morning Contemplation: Evil: what is evil? - Bad, immoral, malice, negativity, greed - Anti-thesis of good - Cultural manifestation - Scapegoating - Difference, ignorance, apathy, dishonesty - Religion -> doctrine - Point of view - Socially unacceptable - Egotism John Milton (1608 – 1674) - Studied to be a minister but was deemed “too independent-minded” for the church - May have been a cousin to Shakespeare (Shakespeare died when Milton was 8) - Had 3 wives: first one died in childbirth, second one died 4 months after childbirth, stayed with third wife until death - Suffered from glaucoma, which caused him to lose his sight - Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained were dictated to his daughters (ironic considering the amount of anti-feminism apparent in both works) - He died penniless and blind - Sold the rights for all his works for 10 pounds (approximately $20) - Most “learned” poet of his time - ALL OF THE ABOVE is somehow reflected in Paradise Lost Paradise Lost (written in 1667) - God pulling strings - Departure from scripture (not monotheistic) - Well-written, composed of visual imagery - Theme of treachery (an aspect of evil) - Personified demons - Questions heaven versus hell - Fascist heaven - Sympathy for Satan - “Justify the ways of God to men” - False front - Possibility a claim in order to avoid criminal charges History of Epic Poetry - Epics were an oral tradition - Gilgamesh 2100 BC - Homer (Iliad & Odyssey) - Virgil (Aeneid) - Spenser (The Faerie Queen) - Milton (Paradise Lost – English epic) Common Elements of Epics - Invocation: poet as a vessel - Enumeratio: list of combatants - In media res: starts in the middle - Anticipatio(n) Why was Paradise Lost an epic? - Political dimension - Vintage/classic - Learned poet - Religion viewed in political terms Satan CLASS SURVEY: How do you feel towards Satan? Fear Admiration Disgust Sympathy 4 votes 26 votes 2 votes 26 votes - Underdog hero - Up against an unbeatable force - Ethos: “pretty” speaker - Romantics, such as Blake, regarded this - Emperor’s New Clothes phenomenon - Pages 116 – 117 “into what pit… holds the tyranny of Heaven”: worth going against God - Pages 119 – 120 “is this the region… lost in Hell?”: Thoreau beliefs, doesn’t want to be ruled, rallying the demons - Pages 121 – 122 “Princes, Potentates… for ever fallen!”: are you cowering? The fight is not over! - Pages 151 – 152 “so spake the grisly… r
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