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Lecture 3

Lecture 3.pptx

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Barry Mc Clinchey

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SOC 201: Victims and Society Lecture #3: Tuesday September 24 2013 Police Data Surveys (Uniform Crime Reporting Survey) • Established in 1962 • Measures the annual occurrence and characteristics of crime and traffic incidents reported to police • Also includes the clearance status of reported incidents • Focus is on the offender • Canadian reports do not focus on race Homicide Survey • Collects data on homicides • Emphasis on offender • Collected by police and courts who mandate is about prosecution not about victims • Some information on victims Non Government Studies • Conducted by university researchers • Can be obtrusive or non-obtrusive • Private organizations and research companies • Local organizations Care in interpretation • Uniform Crime Report, FBI 2011 • Looks at: – Clearance rate of crimes – How cases are cleared (either arrest or exceptional circumstances) • Sometimes the exceptional circumstances can be related in some ways to issues relating to the victim Case clearance by exceptional circumstances • Circumstances such as: – The death of the offender – The victim refuses to participate in the judicial process after the offender has been identified – The offender has been extradition has either forced the offender to be sent to another jurisdiction or is forced to leave – The offender has committed another crime for which he/she is being prosecuted UCR Clearance Rates, FBI 2011 • Murder and non-negligent manslaughter 66.6% • Forcible rape 41.2% • Robbery 28.2% • Aggravated assault 56.8% • Burglary 12.5% • Larceny-theft 21.5% • Motor vehicle theft 12.4% The research methods give us only an estimate of the entire picture of victimization • We do not know what the actual rates of victimization are or their nature • The nature and number of un-reported offences and related victim issues are not known • There is no effective way of estimating the rate of un-reported incidents of victimization • The best that we can do is analyze and study the data gathered from the variety of existing data sets and studies PART 2! Who are the victims? • A look at victimology theory • Victimology is the study of the victim, including the offender and society (Burgess, 2008) Victimology • Victimology emerged as a scientific subject for study until after WWII • With the research of Mendelsohn and Von Hentig (1948) victimology became a distinct field of study from criminology • Early theories focused on typologies of crime victims • A focus on the ways in which a victim may contribute knowingly or unknowingly to his/her victimization • Many victimization theories attempted to explain variations in victimization risks Theoretical Criminology • Vold categori
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